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青島市高考英語二模試卷分類匯編任務型閱讀(附答案)

一、高中英語任務型閱讀

1.閱讀短文,按照題目要求用英語回答問題。

One out of many important things for the whole family to do is to have dinner together.

Researchers began reporting the benefits of family dinner about a decade ago, focusing mainly

on how it affects children. Studies show that those families who eat dinner at least 3 or 4 times a

week together, benefit in many ways.

Eating together helps families achieve open communication and build stronger and healthier

relationships. Children have better grades at school and are better adjusted as teens and adults,

and the entire family enjoys healthier nutrition. For many families, eating dinner together proves

to be a good and effective way to reduce the risk of youth rates of addiction, and helps to nurture

healthier children. It is also a great time to share the events of the day, discuss news and ideas

and just be together and enjoy each other's company.

During dinner time parents have better opportunity to show that they are the prior to their

children. Sitting at the same table and sharing meals is where and when parents can find out

more about their children's school performance, daily activities and attitudes toward life. When

parents have all this information they can better direct their kids toward positive things in life.

They also have better chance to reduce the possibility that children will get involved with alcohol,

tobacco, and illegal drugs.

However, family researchers say that the benefits of family dinner by no means can be

considered as automatic. Parents can sit down to dinner with their kids every day and achieve

nothing. Family dinner may not benefit if there is too much arguing going on, if there is no

meaningful conversation or, what is even worse, if there is just plain silence during gathering.

(1)What may be the best title for this passage? (no more than 8 words)

(2)What benefits can children get from eating together? (no more than 15 words)

(3)How do you explain the underlined word

(4)What information can parents probably get about their children at family dinner? (no more

than 15 words)

(5)What should be avoided at the dinner table according to the author? And why? (no more

than 15 words)

【答案】 (1)The Benefits of Eating Together\/ The Benefits of Family Dinner\/ Family Dinner

Brings Lots of Benefits.

(2)They have better grades at school and are better adjusted when they are older. \/Children

can communicate with their parents and enjoy their company.

(3)Raise. \/Bing up. \/Educate.

(4)They can learn more about their children's school performance, daily activities and

attitudes toward life.

(5)Silence. Because without communication no one can get any benefit at the dinner table.

\/Quarreling. Because it brings about a bad atmosphere that benefits no one. \/Meaningless

conversation. Because it does not bring any benefit to anyone.

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇議論文,論述了父母和孩子一起吃飯的好處,一起吃飯有助

于家庭實現開放交流,建立更緊密和更良好的關系,父母通過一起吃飯可以更加了解孩子

的變化。但同時沉默、爭吵以及無意義的談話應當在聚餐時避免。

(1)考查細節理解。根據第一段中的“Studies show that those families who eat dinner at

least 3 or 4 times a week together, benefit in many ways.”以及文章內容可知主要為講述家人聚

在一起吃飯的各種好處。故答案為The Benefits of Eating Together\/ The Benefits of Family

Dinner\/ Family Dinner Brings Lots of Benefits.

(2)考查細節理解。根據第二段中的“Children have better grades at school and are better

adjusted as teens and adults”可知在一起吃飯的孩子們在學校有更好的成績,在青少年和成

年人中更容易適應;以及“It is also a great time to share the events of the day, discuss news and

ideas and just be together and enjoy each other's company.”可知孩子們在一起吃飯更能交流分

享新聞和想法,享受彼此的陪伴。故答案為They have better grades at school and are better

adjusted when they are older.或Children can communicate with their parents and enjoy their

company.

(3)考查詞義猜測。根據上文“For many families, eating dinner together proves to be a good

and effective way to reduce the risk of youth rates of addiction, and helps to”對許多家庭來說,

一起吃晚餐被證明是一個很好的和有效的方法來降低青少年上癮的風險可知,一起吃晚餐

有助于撫養教育出健康的孩子們。故劃線部分單詞意思為“撫養;教育”故案為Raise. \/Bing

up. \/Educate.

(4)考查細節理解。根據倒數第二段中的“Sitting at the same table and sharing meals is

where and when parents can find out more about their children's school performance, daily

activities and attitudes toward life.”可知一起吃飯時父母可以了解孩子學習成績、日?;顒雍?/p>

生活態度。故答案為They can learn more about their children's school performance, daily

activities and attitudes toward life.

(5)考查概括歸納。根據最后一段中的“Family dinner may not benefit if there is too much

arguing going on, if there is no meaningful conversation or, what is even worse, if there is just

plain silence during gathering.”可知如果有太多的爭論,如果沒有有意義的談話,或者更糟糕

的是,如果在聚會期間只有簡單的沉默,家庭聚餐可能沒有什么好處。即作者認為聚餐時

應當避免沉默、爭吵或是無意義的談話。理由并不唯一,言之有理即可。故答案為Silence.

Because without communication no one can get any benefit at the dinner table. 或是Quarreling.

Because it brings about a bad atmosphere that benefits no one.或是Meaningless conversation.

Because it does not bring any benefit to anyone.

【點評】本題考點涉及細節理解,推理判斷,詞義猜測和概括歸納四個題型的考查,是一

篇教育類閱讀,要求考生準確掌握所給材料,結合相關的語法知識和詞匯知識,做出正確

答案。

2.Read the following passage. Fill in each blank with a proper sentence given in the box. Each

sentence can be used only once. Note that there are two more sentences than you need.

Sustainable Cities Need More Than Parks, Cafes and a Riverwalk

There are many standards that aim to rank how green cities are. But what does it actually mean

for a city to be green or sustainable?

We've written about what we call the

which focuses on providing new green spaces, mainly for high-income people. This vision of shiny

residential towers and waterfront parks has become a widely-shared conception of what green

cities should look like. ________

Gentrification(住宅高檔化) has become a catch-all term used to describe neighborhood

change, and is often misunderstood as the only path to neighborhood improvement. In fact, its

defining feature is displacement. Typically, people who move into these changing neighborhoods

are wealthier and more educated than residents who are displaced.

A recent flood of new research has focused on the displacement effects of environmental

cleanup and green space initiatives. ________

Land for new development and resources to fund extensive cleanup of poisonous sites are

scarce in many cities. ________ And in neighborhoods where gentrification has already begun, a

new park or farmers market can worsen the problem by making the area even more attractive to

potential high-income people and pricing out long-term residents. In some cases, developers

even create temporary community gardens or farmers markets or promise more green space

than they eventually deliver, in order to market a neighborhood to buyers looking for green

pleasantness.

________ It makes deindustrialization seem both inevitable and desirable, often by quite

literally replacing industry with more natural-looking landscapes. When these neighborhoods are

finally cleaned up, after years of activism by longtime residents, those advocates often are unable

to stay and enjoy the benefits of their efforts.

A. This phenomenon is often missing from development projects promoted as green or

sustainable.

B. This phenomenon has variously been called environmental, eco-or green gentrification.

C. Greening and environmental cleanup do not automatically or necessarily lead to gentrification.

D. This creates pressure to rezone industrial land for residential towers or profitable commercial

space, in exchange for developer-funded cleanup.

E. But it can drive up real estate prices and displace low- and middle-income residents.

F. Environmental gentrification naturalizes the disappearance of manufacturing and the working

class.

【答案】 E;B;D;F

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇說明文,可持續發展城市需要的不僅僅是公園、咖啡館和河

邊人行道。有許多標準旨在對綠色城市進行排名。但是一個城市的綠色和可持續發展究竟

意味著什么呢?意味著住宅高檔化,生態環境更中產化,用更自然的景觀取代工業的痕跡。

(1)考查對上下文的理解及推理判斷能力。根據空前“ We've written about what we call

the ‘parks, cafes and a riverwalk’model of sustainability, which focuses on providing new

green spaces, mainly for high-income people. ”我們稱之為“公園、咖啡館和河邊漫步'的

可持續發展模式,其重點是為高收入人群提供新的綠色空間,及空后“ Gentrification(住宅

高檔化) has become a catch-all term used to describe neighborhood change, and is often

misunderstood as the only path to neighborhood improvement. ”住宅高檔化'已成為描述

鄰里變化的一個籠統的術語,移居到這些住宅區的人比那些流離失所的居民更富有,可

知,這樣的高檔住宅抬高了房地產價格,并取代中低收入居民,代之的是中產階級??芍?/p>

E項符合題意,故選E。

(2)考查對上下文的理解及推理判斷能力。根據空前recent flood of new research has

focused on the displacement effects of environmental cleanup and green space initiatives.可

知 ,最近大量的新研究集中在環境清理和倡議綠色空間的效應上。由此可知,清理環

境,倡議綠色空間,意味著讓環境,綠化生態有了很大的改善,適合于中產階級(即住宅

高檔化),可知B項符合題意,故選B。

(3)考查對上下文的理解及推理判斷能力。根據空前“ Land for new development and

resources to fund extensive cleanup of poisonous sites are scarce in many cities. ”在許多

城市,用于新開發的土地和用于大規模清理有毒場所的資源都很稀缺;及空后“ In some

cases, developers even create temporary community gardens or farmers markets or

promise more green space than they eventually deliver, in order to market a

neighborhood to buyers looking for green pleasantness. ”開發商不得不創造及承諾更多最

終會有更多的綠化。由此可知,為了讓開發商資助清理這些有毒的場所,這就造成了將工

業用地重新規劃為住宅樓或有利可圖的商業用地的壓力。故選D。

(4)考查對上下文的理解及推理判斷能力。根據空后“ It makes deindustrialization seem

both inevitable and desirable, often by quite literally replacing industry with more natural-

looking landscapes. ”這使得去工業化看起來既不可避免又令人向往,通常是通過用更自

然的景觀代替工業……當這些社區最終被清理干凈時,這些倡導者往往無法留下來享受他們

的努力帶來的好處。,再快速閱讀本段得出大意,F項意義與本小題一致。其中的F項中

的of manufacturing與文中的of manufacturing是同義詞組。

其中的F項中的disappearance of the working class即是文中所說的清理干凈社區,這

些人無法留下來享受他們帶來的好處的工人階級的消失。分析選項可知F項符合題意,故

選F。

【點評】本題要求在理解細節信息的基礎上,著重考查對上下文的理解和推理判斷能力。

3.Read the following passage. Fill in each blank with a proper sentence given in the box. Each

sentence can be used only once. Note that there are two more sentences than you need.

Screen Time: How Much Is Too Much?

Many children spend a lot of time watching or playing with electronic media—from televisions

to video games, computers and other devices. ________ Perhaps parents now should ease up on

their concerns about screen time, at least for older boys and girls.

Until last year, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) suggested that children and

teenagers have no more than two hours of screen time a day. It also suggests that parents

balance a child's screen time with other activities.

________ Christopher Ferguson, who teaches psychology at Stetson University in Florida, notes

a lack of evidence supporting reports that too many hours spent playing video games or watching

TV is truly harmful.

Ferguson seems interested in one idea: the link between video games and violent or risky

behavior. When he saw results from a recent British survey on screen time, he wanted to know

more. The British study found a small negative effect—about a one percent increase—in

aggression and depression among children who had six or more hours of screen time a day.

________ So, Ferguson and his team examined answers from a survey on risky behaviors. The

study involved about 6,000 boys and girls in Florida, whose average age was 16.

Data from this survey found that American children are also fairly resistant to the negative

effects of electronic media. Among those who used screens up to six hours a day, the survey

found: a 0.5 percent increase in criminal behavior; a 1.7 percent increase in signs of depression;

and a 1.2 percent negative effect on school grades. ________ To further argue his point that

screen time is not harmful, Ferguson adds that children should become familiar with screen

technology. Electronic devices, he says, are a part of our everyday lives.

A. Some negative experiences on social media can and do affect some children.

B. However, some experts question claims that too much screen time is harmful.

C. He wanted to see if there was a similar effect among young people in the United States.

D. So, it is natural that parents should wonder about all the time children spend looking at a

screen.

E. The researchers found no increase in risky sex or driving behaviors, use of illegal substances or

eating disorders.

F. The researchers suggested that for those children, technology use might get in the way of

taking part in other important activities.

【答案】 D;B;C;E

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇說明文,許多孩子花很多時間看或玩電子媒體——從電視到

電子游戲、電腦和其他設備。美國兒科學會建議兒童和青少年每天看屏幕的時間不超過兩

個小時。一些專家質疑過多的屏幕時間是有害的,Stetson 大學心理學教授Christopher

Ferguson指出,沒有證據支持長時間玩電子游戲或看電視確實有害的說法。

(1)考查對上下文的理解和推理判斷能力。根據空前“Many children spend a lot of time

watching or playing with electronic media—from televisions to video games, computers and

other devices.”可知許多孩子花很多時間看或玩電子媒體——從電視到電子游戲、電腦和其

他設備。再根據空后“parents now should ease up on their concerns about screen time, at least

for older boys and girls.”提到了父母對孩子長時間看電子產品的看法,可知本空是提出父母

對孩子花在看屏幕上的時間感到好奇是很自然的。故選D。

(2)考查對上下文的理解和推理判斷能力。根據空后“Christopher Ferguson, who teaches

psychology at Stetson University in Florida, notes a lack of evidence supporting reports that too

many hours spent playing video games or watching TV is truly harmful.”Stetson 大學心理學教授

Christopher Ferguson指出,沒有證據支持長時間玩電子游戲或看電視確實有害 的 說法。因

此可推測上文是提出一些專家質疑過多的屏幕時間是有害的,故選B。

(3)考查對上下文的理解和推理判斷能力。根據空前“The British study found a small

negative effect—about a one percent increase—in aggression and depression among children

who had six or more hours of screen time a day.”提到一項英國研究發現,在每天看電視時間

超過6小時的兒童中,攻擊性和抑郁會有一個小的負面影響——大約增加1%。因此他想看

看在美國的年輕人中是否也有類似的影響。故選C。

(4)考查對上下文的理解和推理判斷能力。根據空前“Among those who used screens up to

six hours a day, the survey found: a 0.5 percent increase in criminal behavior; a 1.7 percent

increase in signs of depression; and a 1.2 percent negative effect on school grades. ”調查發現,

在每天使用屏幕長達6小時的人群中,犯罪行為增加了0.5%;抑郁癥的癥狀增加了1.7%;

以及1.2%對學習成績的負面影響。即下文繼續列舉長時間看屏幕對其他犯罪行為的影響,

故E選項:研究人員發現,危險的性行為、駕駛行為、使用非法藥物或飲食失調的情況沒

有增加。符合題意,故選E。

【點評】本題要求在理解細節信息的基礎上,著重考查對上下文的理解和推理判斷能力。

4.任務型閱讀

Help Migrant Workers

There is nothing like going home. More so if it is for the Spring Festival family reunion. For a

migrant worker it perhaps means even more. To be able to set out on a homeward journey with

money from a year's toil in his pocket is the best thing he can think of. ________ They had to

press hard for their defaulted payments, the salaries that were failed to pay up.

About 200 million migrant workers nationwide are something left behind by economic reforms

and opening up due to their contributions in the past three decades. It is almost impossible to

imagine life in these places without them. However, they still form a disadvantaged group. Their

rights are violated in different forms. Among other things, unpaid salaries are the most painful of

such violations that are likely to drive a migrant worker to desperate actions. ________

________They have taken measures to prevent employers from holding back payments to

them. Yet, as the financial crisis bites deep, some small enterprises that are struck the most try to

reduce their economic losses by laying off migrant workers or refusing to pay them. So it is

particularly important for governments at all levels to do an even better job in helping villager-

turned-workers recover their unpaid salaries before the Spring Festival.

It is good news that quite a number of local governments have organized special taskforces to

conduct inspections in those labor-intensive enterprises to make sure they have paid their

migrant workers in a timely and fair manner. Construction commissions in almost all provinces

have published hotlines for farmer-turned-construction workers to lodge complaints against their

employers for withholding their salaries. ________ But we need to look for solutions that will

work at all times. We need to put in place a mechanism that will effectively prevent employers

from holding back salaries to workers.

A. Some have reportedly climbed up chimneys to jump to their death unless they get their

defaulted salaries.

B. It is something every Chinese look forward to as the traditional gala draws near.

C. Unfortunately, weeks preceding the Spring Festival have turned out to be hard times for

migrant workers.

D. Hopefully, these efforts will send more workers on a happy journey home for the Spring

Festival with their salaries in their pockets.

E. However difficult the situations they are in, it is too cruel and unfair for employers to hold back

salaries they should pay their migrant workers.

F. Objectively speaking, governments at various levels have done a great deal in helping these

workers recover their defaulted salaries.

【答案】 C;A;F;D

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇說明文,介紹了幫助移民工人在春節前拿到薪水政府所采取

的一系列的措施。

(1)考查對上下文的理解和推理判斷能力。根據空后“They had to press hard for their

defaulted payments, the salaries that were failed to pay up. ”可知由于沒有拿到薪水,對于回

家過春節的移民工人來說,是很艱難的一段時間。故選C。

(2)考查對上下文的理解和推理判斷能力。根據空前“unpaid salaries are the most painful

of such violations that are likely to drive a migrant worker to desperate actions.”可知下面要介紹

一些討薪時工人做出的絕望行為。故選A。

(3)考查對上下文的理解和推理判斷能力。根據空后“They have taken measures to prevent

employers from holding back payments to them.”可知這里講的是政府正在采取措施幫助移民

工人們拿到薪水。故選F。

(4)考查對上下文的理解和推理判斷能力。根據空格前采取的一系列措施得知,這些都

是幫助移民員工帶著薪水回家過春節的努力。故選D。

【點評】本題要求在理解細節信息的基礎上,著重考查對上下文的理解和推理判斷能力。

5.請認真閱讀下面短文,并根據所讀內容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一個最恰當的單

詞。每個空格只填一個單詞。

A psychotherapist once taught me a little trick that helped me feel less angry at my partner and

less sad about the failings of our relationship.

She said,

somewhat from the adult, and you are likely to understand and forgive him.

It actually helped. I couldn't be as mad at or disappointed by a child as I could be with a grown

man. So, at least on some occasions, we were both spared the heartache of an uncomfortable

silence or a not-so-silent argument. And I sometimes still use versions of that trick whenever I

feel frustrated or angry in other relationships or personal exchanges.

But what if you could mentally change the form of the emotion itself? According to scientists at

the University of Texas, maybe you can.

Focusing specifically on sadness, the researchers asked two groups of study participants to

write about a time in their lives when they felt very sad. They then asked one group to imagine

sadness as a person, and write down a description of the person they imagined would be sadness.

Not surprisingly, the participants described sadness in such ways as an older person with gray hair

and sunken eyes or a young girl holding her head down as she slowly walked along.

The researchers asked the other group of participants to write down a description of sadness

with respect to its impact on their moods. When asked to rate their levels of sadness after

completing their descriptions, the participants who wrote about the emotion itself and how it

affects them reported higher levels of sadness than the group that anthropomorphized (人格

化)sadness into a specific type of person with familiar human characteristics. The researchers

suggest that by giving life to the emotion, participants can view sadness as something (or

someone) separate and somewhat distant from themselves, helping them relieve their negative

feelings.

While it's okay to feel sad, many people behave in unconscious and sometimes self-destructive

ways to distract or

study authors wanted to know whether or not the group that reported feeling less sad would

make smarter shopping decisions.

They tested this by asking participants in both groups to first choose between a salad or a

cheesecake dessert to go with the main dish they were having for lunch. The researchers also

asked participants to choose between a computer loaded with features for productivity or a

computer loaded with features for entertainment. Those study participants who had

anthropomorphized their emotions were more likely to choose the salad and the productive

computer than those who had simply written about their feelings.

For obvious reasons, then, they say this technique is best for reduce negative emotions.

A Little Trick to Help You Feel ________Sad

Passage outlines

The writer's experience

Supporting details

When he was angry with his partner, the writer was able to

improve his mood by ________ his partner as a little boy, which

is sometimes ________to both sides.

This trick can mentally change It is no ________that the study participants tend to

the form of people's emotion

picture sadness as an older person or an unhappy girl.

The participants who describe their emotion as a person

have a ________level of sadness than those who merely

describe their emotion itself.

This trick can When lost in negative emotions, people may lose

Participants who give ________to the emotion prefer salad

while those who don't choose food ________in sugar and

caloric.

________

This little trick can help people reduce negative feelings.

【答案】 71. Less;imagining;beneficial\/helpful;surprise;lower;

affect\/influence\/impact;control;life;rich\/high\/abundant;Conclusion

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇說明文,介紹了緩解悲傷情緒的方法——將悲傷的情緒具體

化,但要將悲傷的情緒與相應的人分割開。同時文章中還介紹了一些實驗,要求實驗對象

將自己悲傷的情緒想象成一個人,并賦予這個“人”以生命,從而達到減輕悲傷情緒的目

的。

(1)考查細節理解。根據第一段中的“a little trick that helped me feel less angry at my

partner and less sad about the failings of our relationship.”心理治療師告訴了作者一個幫助自

________people's consumption ________of themselves and behave in self-destructive ways.

decisions

己對父母不那么生氣以及對關系不那么難過的方法。文章第一段為主旨段,提取關鍵詞

less。在做文章標題時應注意大寫。故填Less。

(2)考查細節理解。根據第二段中的“Look at him and imagine him as a very little boy;”可知

應填imagine,但by為介詞,后接動名詞,故填imagining。

(3)考查推理判斷。根據第三段中的“we were both spared the heartache of an

uncomfortable silence or a not-so-silent argument.” 可知。我們都可以免于一個不舒服沉默帶

來的心痛或不那么沉默帶來的爭論。be spared of固定短語,“幸免于”,即對雙方都有好處

或益處。故填beneficial\/helpful。

(4)考查細節理解。根據第五段中的“Not surprisingly, the participants described sadness in

such ways ”可知,毫無意外的是,參與者用那樣的方式描述了悲傷。Not surprisingly=It is no

surprise that。故填surprise。

(5)考查推理判斷“根據第六段中的”the participants who wrote about the emotion

itself ...reported higher level of sadness than ...“情緒本身的參與者有著更高層次的悲傷,因此

與之相對應的,將悲傷描述成一個人的,悲傷的層次較低。故填lower。

(6)考查推理判斷。根據倒數第二段中的”Those study participants who had

anthropomorphized their emotions were more likely to choose the salad and the productive

computer than those who had simply written about their feelings.“接受了心理治療的參與者更

有可能選擇沙拉作為作為主菜,且會選擇裝有工具性軟件的電腦,說明心理治療會對參與

者造成影響,故填affect\/influence\/impact。

(7)考查細節理解。根據倒數第三段中的”While it's okay to feel sad, many people behave in

unconscious and...“可知。當沉浸在悲傷里時,很多人就會表現的無意識,即失去了對自己

的控制。故填control。

(8)考查推理判斷。根據anthropomorphized一詞,及第六段中的”The researchers suggest

that by giving life to the emotion, participants can view sadness as something (or someone)

separate and somewhat distant from themselves, helping them relieve their negative feelings.“通

過將情緒賦予生命,參與者可以將悲傷從別的事情中分離開來,幫助他們減少負面情緒。

故填life。

(9)考查細節理解。根據倒數第二段中的”choose between a salad or a cheesecake dessert

“可知,這些都是高甜、高熱量的食物,故填rich\/high\/abundant。

(10)考查概括歸納。根據最后一段中的”For obvious reasons, then, they say this technique

is best for reduce negative emotions.“這樣的方式是減低負面情緒最好的方法。最后一段是對

整篇文章的歸納總結,故填Conclusion。

【點評】本題考點涉及細節理解,推理判斷和概括歸納三個題型的考查,是一篇生活類閱

讀,考生需要準確理解細節信息,并根據上下文進行分析,推理,概括和歸納,從而寫出

正確答案。

6.根據短文內容,從短文后的選項中選出能填入空白處的最佳選項。

Top 3 Self-Discipline Techniques

Self-discipline is the key to leading a healthier, happier and more successful life,________. We

have shared some self-discipline techniques below. Follow these self-discipline techniques to

start living a better life.

⑴Start small

The journey of a thousand miles starts with a single step as the proverb goes.________. Instead,

stamina (耐力) is built up by doing a little more than the previous day's target.

The same goes for discipline. Start by trying to carry out self-discipline techniques little by little

every day for big results. Increase your goals over time.

⑵________

Staying self-disciplined requires motivation. It can be hard to stay motivated if you feel like you

haven't made any progress so far. Tracking progress makes you aware of how much you've done

and encourages you to keep going.

⑶Exercise your willpower

________. Some days, sticking to the task is going to be difficult but by reminding yourself of

the end in mind and how much the goal means to you, you will be able to ignore temporary

temptations for long term gain.

The above-mentioned self-discipline techniques have been proven to be extremely effective.

________, and it is the key to living a happy and fulfilling life.

A. Build a support system

B. Measure your goals

C. Willpower and self-discipline go hand in hand

D. Self-discipline is a feature found in many successful people

E. Self-discipline is linked to effective time management

F. However, it is easier said than done

G. You don't train for a marathon by running 10 kilometers on the first day

【答案】 F;G;B;C;D

【解析】【分析】本文介紹三大自律的技巧。

A. Build a support system建立一個支持系統。

B. Measure your goals測評你的目標。

C. Willpower and self-discipline go hand in hand意志力和自律相輔相成。

D. Self-discipline is a feature found in many successful people自律是在很多成功人士身上都能

找到的特征。

E. Self-discipline is linked to effective time management自律和有效的時間管理有聯系。

F. However, it is easier said than done然而說起來容易做起來難。

G. You don't train for a marathon by running 10 kilometers on the first day你不會在第一天跑

10公里來訓練馬拉松。

(1)根據上文提示自律是通向更健康、更快樂、更成功生活的關鍵。下文提示我們在下

面分享一些自律技巧。承接上下文,However, it is easier said than done切題,該項中的

However表示該句與上文構成轉折關系,故選F。

(2)根據上文提示千里之行,始于足下。下文說相反耐力是通過比前一天的目標多做一點

來建立的。承接上下 文You don't train for a marathon by running 10 Kilometers on the first day

切題,下文中的Instead表示前后句是一 種轉折關系,故選G。

(3)本題為標題選擇。本段主要說保持自律需要動機,但是如果你很久沒有取得進步你

就很難保持動力。追蹤系統讓你知道你做了多少,鼓勵你堅持下去。此處的tracking

progress應該指的是對你目標的測評,故選B。

(4)根據本段小標題Exercise your willpower (鍛煉你的意志力) ; 再根據下文提示有時候,

堅持完成任務是很困難的,但是通過提醒自己目標的意義和目標對你的意義,你就可以忽

略暫時的誘惑而獲得長期的利益??芍狢項Willpower and self-discipline go hand in hand.切

題,故選C。

(5)上文提示上述自律技巧已被證明是非常有效的。再根據下文提示這是快樂充實生活

的關鍵。承接上下文D項Self- discipline is a feature found in many succesful people. 切題,故

選D。

【點評】在做七選五時一定要注意and\/but\/so\/besides\/however\/furthermore\/moreover\/in

addition\/what's more等詞匯、固定結構的運用 。它們連接了上下文,起著承上起下的作

用。像but(但是)、however (然而)表示轉折,這說明前后的內容相反或相對 。同時還要注

意選項中代詞的指代和小標題選擇時是對段落的總結。

7.閱讀下文并回答問題。

Confidence (自信) is very important in daily life. It can help you to develop a healthy attitude

(態度). A study shows that the people who are more confident are much happier. They can have

more chance to make themselves successful. When you are not confident you can't do well what

you want to do. But how to be more confident? Here are some suggestions:

Speak loud You speak in a voice so low that other people can hardly hear you. Try to speak

loud enough so that people can hear you clearly. The high voice can help you become more

confident.

Play sports Physical exercise makes you tired but completely relaxed. A strong body helps you

be full of confidence.

Encourage yourself Write down a list of things you did during the day to see how many things

you have done well. Did you finish your homework? Did you tell a joke that made everybody

laugh? Give yourself praise for the good things you've done.

Get rid of (消除) fear Fear comes along with failure (失敗). But it's easy to overcome (克服) if

you know that failure is part of your life. Don't hide your head just because you said something

stupid last time. Try to start again and believe you can do better.

Pick up a hobby If you like singing, sing as much as you can. In some ways, a hobby can make

you outstanding. And it will make you happy and confident.

(1)Is confidence important in daily life?

(2)When you fail, what can you do to get rid of fear?

(3)Which of these suggestions would you like to choose to be more confident? Why?

【答案】 (1)Yes.

(2)I can try to start again and believe I can do better.

(3)選擇一個建議回答即可。說明原由時要有依據。

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇說明文,介紹了幾個如何讓自己更自信的方法。

(1)考查細節理解。根據第一段中的“Confidence (自信) is very important in daily life.”可知

自信在日常生活中很重要,所以本題的答案為Yes。

(2)考查細節理解。根據第三段中的“Try to start again and believe you can do better.”可知

對于消除恐懼,作者給的方法是嘗試重新開始并相信自己可以做得更好。所以本題答案為I

can try to start again and believe I can do better.

(3)考查推理判斷。本題是開放性問題,選擇一個建議回答即可。說明原由時要有依

據。

【點評】本題考點涉及細節理解和推理判斷兩個題型的考查,是一篇教育類閱讀,考生需

要準確捕捉細節信息,并根據上下文進行邏輯推理,從而做出正確答案。

8.閱讀理解

When was the last time you sat on a park bench(凳子)? Did you stay for long? A new kind of

park benches will limit the amount of time you can sit there. If you don't get up in time, it could

be very painful: there are many sharp spikes (釘子) on the part that you sit on!

Visitors who want a rest on the bench need to put a coin in a machine next to it. Once the

money was accepted, the spikes disappear into the bench. Then visitors can sit down comfortably,

but only for half an hour. When the time's up, the spikes slowly start moving up again. It doesn't

hurt at first, but after a minute, they start coming up even more quickly. They aren't long enough

to cause serious hurt, but they do cause pain, as tests have shown. But why have they been

installed (安裝)?

all the thousands of people who visit the park, there aren't enough benches for everyone. We

want to make sure that the benches are shared by more visitors, and to stop people taking a

bench and staying there all day. Installing spikes seems to be the fairest way of stopping people

doing this.

(1)How is the new kind of park bench different from other benches?

(2)What is Paragraph 2 mainly about?

(3)Why are the new benches installed?

(4)The passage says,

this.

【答案】 (1)It can limit the amount of time people sit on it (with sharp spikes). \/ If you don't

get up from it in limited time, it could make you painful.\/ There are many sharp spikes on it to

limit the amount of time people sit on it.

(2)It's mainly about how the new kind of benches work.

(3)They're installed to solve the problem that some people take a bench too long and others

can't share it.

(4)Yes. If people are asked to pay for benches, they will not take it too long when they don't

really need it. Thus, every visitor will have the chance to share it. \/ No. Benches in parks should

be free to visitors. The park can build more benches to solve its problem instead of limiting the

time when visitors have a rest on benches.

【解析】【分析】這是一篇說明文,介紹了一種新型公園長椅,其不同之處在于它上面有

很多尖刺,用來限制人們坐在上面的時間。安裝這種椅子的目的是為了讓更多的人都能分

享到長椅。

(1)考查細節理解。根據第一段中的“If you don’t get up in time, it could be very painful:

there are many sharp spikes on the part that you sit on!”如果你沒有及時起來,那將是非常痛

苦的:你所坐的部位有許多鋒利的刺!可知新型公園長椅與其他長椅的不同之處在于如果你

不能在有限的時間內離開它,它可能會讓你痛苦。故答案為:It can limit the amount of time

people sit on it (with sharp spikes). \/ If you don’t get up from it in limited time, it could make you

painful.\/There are many sharp spikes on it to limit the amount of time people sit on it.。

(2)考查段落大意。根據第二段中的“Visitors who want a rest on the bench need to put a

coin in a machine next to it. Once the money was accepted, the spikes disappear into the bench.

Then visitors can sit down comfortably, but only for half an hour. When the time’s up, the spikes

slowly start moving up again.”想要在長椅上休息的游客需要在旁邊的機器里放一枚硬幣。一

旦這筆錢被接受,釘子就會消失在板凳上。然后游客可以舒服地坐下來,但只能坐半個小

時。當時間到了,尖峰又開始慢慢地向上移動??芍诙沃饕榻B了這種新型長椅是如

何工作的,故答案為It’s mainly about how the new kind of benches work.。

(3)考查細節理解。根據第三段中的“We want to make sure that the benches are shared by

more visitors, and to stop people taking a bench and staying there all day.”我們希望確保更多的

游客可以共享這些長椅,并阻止人們坐在長椅上一整天??芍惭b它們是為了解決有些人

坐了太長時間的板凳,而有些人卻無法分享的問題。故答案為:They’re installed to solve

the problem that some people take a bench too long and others can’t share it.。

(4)本題為開放性題目,言之有理即可。故答案為:Yes. If people are asked to pay for

benches, they will not take it too long when they don’t really need it. Thus, every visitor will have

the chance to share it. \/No. Benches in parks should be free to visitors. The park can build more

benches to solve its problem instead of limiting the time when visitors have a rest on benches.。

【點評】本題考點涉及細節理解,段落大意以及開放題型的考查,是一篇科研類閱讀,要

求考生準確掌握細節信息,根據上下文的邏輯關系,進行推理,概括歸納,從而寫出正確

答案。

9.閱讀短文,并按照題目要求用英語回答問題。

When we were growing up in our grandparents' home, Jack, my grandfather, was always in his

room sitting in the chair and listening to the radio. The voices speaking from the metal box day

and night, taught us that there was a larger world outside. He would roll the black dial (刻度盤)

back and forth until the signal was clear. Then he would listen.

Now he is old and falls ill. When I went to visit him, he said to me,

problem is that we're losing primary contact with each other. No more shaking hands. Everyone is

so busy. We want too much and in the process of getting it we miss so much.

while.

I think of all the voices on the radio he has spent a lifetime listening to. I asked,

become interested in radio?

always interested in searching for a better signal, a clearer, more powerful signal that could

communicate with someone somewhere.

the signal, but you can't get rid of natural noise caused by thunder and lightning, rainstorms, or

snowstorms.

He closed his eyes and smiled.

we haven't progressed that far as human beings. We shouldn't forget we still have the same basic

needs.

(1)What did Jack use to do in his room? (No more than 12 words)

(2)Why did Jack roll the black dial back and forth? (No more than 5 words)

(3)How is Jack feeling now? (No more than 8 words)

(4)What does the underlined word

(5)What should you do to solve the problem of losing direct contact with others? (No more

than 20 words)

【答案】 (1)He used to sit in the chair, listening to his radio.

Or: He sat in the chair and listened to his radio.

(2)To find a clear signal.

(3)He is feeling lonely and sad.

(4)Remove.

(5)Open.

We should reduce the time we spend on the Internet and find more time to communicate with

others.

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇夾敘夾議文,作者講述了自己的祖父杰克曾經愛聽收音機的

習慣以及祖父杰克對互聯網的看法,旨在說明我們應該減少上網的時間,多拿出些時間來

與人交流,尤其應該多與老人進行直接的交流,以減少他們的孤獨感。

(1)考查細節理解。根據第一段中的“Jack, my grandfather, was always in his room sitting in

the chair and listening to the radio.”可知,作者的祖父Jack總是在他的房間里坐在椅子上,

聽收音機。故答案概括為:He used to sit in the chair, listening to his radio. Or: He sat in the

chair and listened to his radio.

(2)考查細節理解。根據第一段中的“He would roll the black dial(刻度盤)back and forth

until the signal was clear.”他來回地撥弄著黑色表盤,直到信號清晰為止,可知,Jack這樣做

的目的是為了找到清晰的信號。故答案概括為:To find a clear signal.

(3)考查細節理解。根據第二段中的“I dislike the Internet.以及It makes me lonely and sad.”

可知,Jack不喜歡互聯網,因為它使他感到孤獨與悲傷.故答案概括為:He is feeling lonely

and sad.

(4)考查詞義猜測。根據第四段中的“…but you can't remove natural noise caused by

thunder and lightning, rainstorms, or snowstorms.”但你卻不能去除掉由雷電,暴雨,或暴風

雪造成的天然的噪聲)可推測,前一句“you can electronically eliminate all kinds of noise from

the signal”的意思“你可以通過電子手段消除信號中的各種噪聲”。因此,remove(去除)應

與劃線部分的單詞是同義詞故答案為remove。

(5)考查開放題。本題問的是:你怎樣做才能解決失去與他人直接交流的問題?根據文

中第二段I dislike the Internet. The problem is that we're losing primary contact with each other.

No more shaking hands. Everyone is so busy.可知,由于有了互聯網以后,人們都忙著上網

了,才使得人們失去了直接接觸的機會。故答案概括為:We should reduce the time we

spend on the Internet and find more time to communicate with others.也可以發表自己的意

見,但注意不要超過20個單詞。

【點評】本題考點涉及細節理解,詞義猜測和開放題三個題型的考查,是一篇人生感悟類

閱讀,要求考生準確掌握所給材料,進一步根據上下文的邏輯關系,結合相關的詞匯知識

和詞匯知識,寫出正確的答案。

10.請認真閱讀下列短文,并根據所讀內容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一個最恰當的單

詞。

Do you know the look of wonder and joy that children get on their face when they listen to

someone reading them a story?Schools across the nation are bringing in volunteers to guide

children in this very way. If you simply enjoy spending time with children, being a reading

volunteer can be a great way to help support the upcoming generation of readers.

Reading volunteers work with elementary school age children to promote reading. They may

read books to children, listen to children read aloud, or distribute books to school children.

Reading volunteers promote the activity of reading, rather than focusing on teaching reading

skills. They may read to a whole class of children, to a small group, or be assigned a child to read

to one-on-one. During the time they spend with new readers, reading volunteers encourage

them to learn to read.

Almost anyone who knows how to read can be a reading volunteer. High school students,

college students, parents, grandparents, and police officers are just an example of the kinds of

people who become reading volunteers. Being able to read and wanting to spend time inspiring

children to read are the only skills needed to be a successful reading volunteer.

Several educational research studies show that children who are involved in programs with

adult reading volunteers improve their school performance levels. For example, in 1998,

researcher Sara Rimm-Kaufmann found that first graders involved in a program with an adult

reading volunteer three times a week had better letter recognition and reading skills than similar

first graders who hadn't been involved in such groups. In 2000, the Eugene Research Institute

found that fifth graders who had been in an adult volunteer literacy program, were

60% more likely to have grade-level scores in standardized reading tests. Moreover, a 2006 study

by Brian Volkmann showed that children who were read to by adult volunteers had improved

school attendance, which is a major predictor of high school graduation rates.

In addition, reading volunteers themselves can gain a lot of benefits that range from expanding

their personal networks to adding valuable skills to their resumes. They also enjoy the special

time they get to spend with young children. Many volunteers have heart-warming stories to

share with the children they read to. The volunteers know that they are inspiring young children

with a proved educational strategy. So, if you have time, energy, and skill to support children's

literacy, it is a good idea to sign up to be a reading volunteer.

Topic: Reading Volunteers

General information

★Reading stories to children can bring them much pleasure.

★Employing reading volunteers for kids is a ________ practice

in schools nationwide.

★Being a reading volunteer is a good way to support children.

The work of a reading volunteer

★Read to children, listen to them read or give out books to

them.

★Pay attention to the reading itself instead of teaching reading

________ to children.

★Offer ________ to them while new readers learn to read.

________ for being a reading ★Have the basic reading ability.

volunteer

programs

★Have the desire to inspire children to read.

reading.

★Enable children to ________ standardized tests more easily.

★Inspire children to avoid ________ classes.

★Develop and improve volunteers' ________ with others.

★Admit volunteers to obtain valuable skills to increase chance

of landing a ________.

★Give volunteers opportunities to enjoy the happy time with

children.

【答案】 common \/standard;skills;encouragement\/inspiration;

Requirements\/Qualifications\/Conditions;Benefits\/Advantages\/Effects;recognizing;pass;

skipping;relationship(s);job

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇說明文,介紹了閱讀志愿者的工作內容,成為閱讀志愿者的

要求,成為閱讀志愿者的好處以及閱讀志愿者項目對孩子的積極影響等內容。

(1)考查信息轉換。根據第一段中的

guide children in this very way可知,“全國各地的學校都在招募志愿者,以這種方式指導孩

子”可推斷出“雇用閱讀志愿者在全國范圍內是一個普遍的\/常規的做法”,common practice

意為“普遍做法”。故填common\/standard。

(2)考查推理判斷。根據第二段,rather

than focusing on teaching reading skills.可知“閱讀志愿者促進閱讀的活動,而不是專注于教

學的閱讀技巧?!笨芍?,“閱讀志愿者關注的只是閱讀的活動而不是教學閱讀技巧”。故填

skills。

(3)考查信息轉換。根據第二段中的

volunteers encourage them to learn to read可知“在與閱讀新手相處的時間里,閱讀志愿者鼓

勵他們學習閱讀”。由此可知填encouragement\/inspiration。

(4)考查信息歸納。根據第三段的內容和表格右欄的內容可知,此處處主要講述的是成

為閱讀志愿者的條件\/資格。故本空填Requirements\/Qualifications\/Conditions。

________ of reading volunteer ★Improve the school children's skills at ________ letters and

(5)考查信息概括。根據最后兩段的內容及表格右欄的內容可知,此處主要講的是閱讀

志愿者項目的好處或影響。故填Benefits\/Advantages\/Effects。

(6)考查信息轉換。根據第四段中的graders involved in a program with an adult

reading volunteer three times a week had better letter recognition and reading skills than similar

first graders who hadn't been involved in such groups.可知,閱讀志愿者項目可提高孩子們的

識別(recognize)字母的能力。題干中的at為介詞,因此本空填動詞的ing形式,故填

recognizing。

(7)考查信息轉換。根據第四段中的graders who had been in an adult

volunteer literacy program, were 60% more likely to have grade-level scores in standardized

reading tests.可知,閱讀志愿者項目可幫助孩子們更容易地通過(pass)考試。故填

pass。

(8)考查信息轉換。根據第四段中的that children who were read to by adult

volunteers had improved school attendance, which is a major predictor of high school graduation

rates.可知,閱讀志愿者項目有助于提高孩子們的上課出勤率,即鼓勵孩子們不逃課。skip

(不做應做的事),不參加。avoid doing sth.為固定搭配,意為“避免做某事”。因此此處應填

skipping。

(9)考查信息轉換。根據最后一段中的volunteers themselves can gain a lot of

benefits that range from expanding their personal networks t...可知,閱讀志愿者們自身也可

從閱讀志愿者項目中得到好處,包括拓寬他們的人際網,即改善他們的人際關系

(relationship)。故填relationship(s)。

(10)考查信息轉換。根據最后一段中的volunteers themselves can gain a lot of

benefits that range from expanding their personal networks to adding valuable skills to their

resumes可知,閱讀志愿者們從閱讀志愿者項目中得到好處也包括充實自己的簡歷,即增

加自身獲得工作(job)的可能性。故填job。

【點評】本題考點涉及信息轉換,推理判斷和信息概括三個題型的考查,是一篇介紹類閱

讀,要求考生準確掌握所給材料,結合相關的語法知識和詞匯知識,做出正確答案。

青島市高考英語二模試卷分類匯編任務型閱讀(附答案)

一、高中英語任務型閱讀

1.閱讀短文,按照題目要求用英語回答問題。

One out of many important things for the whole family to do is to have dinner together.

Researchers began reporting the benefits of family dinner about a decade ago, focusing mainly

on how it affects children. Studies show that those families who eat dinner at least 3 or 4 times a

week together, benefit in many ways.

Eating together helps families achieve open communication and build stronger and healthier

relationships. Children have better grades at school and are better adjusted as teens and adults,

and the entire family enjoys healthier nutrition. For many families, eating dinner together proves

to be a good and effective way to reduce the risk of youth rates of addiction, and helps to nurture

healthier children. It is also a great time to share the events of the day, discuss news and ideas

and just be together and enjoy each other's company.

During dinner time parents have better opportunity to show that they are the prior to their

children. Sitting at the same table and sharing meals is where and when parents can find out

more about their children's school performance, daily activities and attitudes toward life. When

parents have all this information they can better direct their kids toward positive things in life.

They also have better chance to reduce the possibility that children will get involved with alcohol,

tobacco, and illegal drugs.

However, family researchers say that the benefits of family dinner by no means can be

considered as automatic. Parents can sit down to dinner with their kids every day and achieve

nothing. Family dinner may not benefit if there is too much arguing going on, if there is no

meaningful conversation or, what is even worse, if there is just plain silence during gathering.

(1)What may be the best title for this passage? (no more than 8 words)

(2)What benefits can children get from eating together? (no more than 15 words)

(3)How do you explain the underlined word

(4)What information can parents probably get about their children at family dinner? (no more

than 15 words)

(5)What should be avoided at the dinner table according to the author? And why? (no more

than 15 words)

【答案】 (1)The Benefits of Eating Together\/ The Benefits of Family Dinner\/ Family Dinner

Brings Lots of Benefits.

(2)They have better grades at school and are better adjusted when they are older. \/Children

can communicate with their parents and enjoy their company.

(3)Raise. \/Bing up. \/Educate.

(4)They can learn more about their children's school performance, daily activities and

attitudes toward life.

(5)Silence. Because without communication no one can get any benefit at the dinner table.

\/Quarreling. Because it brings about a bad atmosphere that benefits no one. \/Meaningless

conversation. Because it does not bring any benefit to anyone.

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇議論文,論述了父母和孩子一起吃飯的好處,一起吃飯有助

于家庭實現開放交流,建立更緊密和更良好的關系,父母通過一起吃飯可以更加了解孩子

的變化。但同時沉默、爭吵以及無意義的談話應當在聚餐時避免。

(1)考查細節理解。根據第一段中的“Studies show that those families who eat dinner at

least 3 or 4 times a week together, benefit in many ways.”以及文章內容可知主要為講述家人聚

在一起吃飯的各種好處。故答案為The Benefits of Eating Together\/ The Benefits of Family

Dinner\/ Family Dinner Brings Lots of Benefits.

(2)考查細節理解。根據第二段中的“Children have better grades at school and are better

adjusted as teens and adults”可知在一起吃飯的孩子們在學校有更好的成績,在青少年和成

年人中更容易適應;以及“It is also a great time to share the events of the day, discuss news and

ideas and just be together and enjoy each other's company.”可知孩子們在一起吃飯更能交流分

享新聞和想法,享受彼此的陪伴。故答案為They have better grades at school and are better

adjusted when they are older.或Children can communicate with their parents and enjoy their

company.

(3)考查詞義猜測。根據上文“For many families, eating dinner together proves to be a good

and effective way to reduce the risk of youth rates of addiction, and helps to”對許多家庭來說,

一起吃晚餐被證明是一個很好的和有效的方法來降低青少年上癮的風險可知,一起吃晚餐

有助于撫養教育出健康的孩子們。故劃線部分單詞意思為“撫養;教育”故案為Raise. \/Bing

up. \/Educate.

(4)考查細節理解。根據倒數第二段中的“Sitting at the same table and sharing meals is

where and when parents can find out more about their children's school performance, daily

activities and attitudes toward life.”可知一起吃飯時父母可以了解孩子學習成績、日?;顒雍?/p>

生活態度。故答案為They can learn more about their children's school performance, daily

activities and attitudes toward life.

(5)考查概括歸納。根據最后一段中的“Family dinner may not benefit if there is too much

arguing going on, if there is no meaningful conversation or, what is even worse, if there is just

plain silence during gathering.”可知如果有太多的爭論,如果沒有有意義的談話,或者更糟糕

的是,如果在聚會期間只有簡單的沉默,家庭聚餐可能沒有什么好處。即作者認為聚餐時

應當避免沉默、爭吵或是無意義的談話。理由并不唯一,言之有理即可。故答案為Silence.

Because without communication no one can get any benefit at the dinner table. 或是Quarreling.

Because it brings about a bad atmosphere that benefits no one.或是Meaningless conversation.

Because it does not bring any benefit to anyone.

【點評】本題考點涉及細節理解,推理判斷,詞義猜測和概括歸納四個題型的考查,是一

篇教育類閱讀,要求考生準確掌握所給材料,結合相關的語法知識和詞匯知識,做出正確

答案。

2.Read the following passage. Fill in each blank with a proper sentence given in the box. Each

sentence can be used only once. Note that there are two more sentences than you need.

Sustainable Cities Need More Than Parks, Cafes and a Riverwalk

There are many standards that aim to rank how green cities are. But what does it actually mean

for a city to be green or sustainable?

We've written about what we call the

which focuses on providing new green spaces, mainly for high-income people. This vision of shiny

residential towers and waterfront parks has become a widely-shared conception of what green

cities should look like. ________

Gentrification(住宅高檔化) has become a catch-all term used to describe neighborhood

change, and is often misunderstood as the only path to neighborhood improvement. In fact, its

defining feature is displacement. Typically, people who move into these changing neighborhoods

are wealthier and more educated than residents who are displaced.

A recent flood of new research has focused on the displacement effects of environmental

cleanup and green space initiatives. ________

Land for new development and resources to fund extensive cleanup of poisonous sites are

scarce in many cities. ________ And in neighborhoods where gentrification has already begun, a

new park or farmers market can worsen the problem by making the area even more attractive to

potential high-income people and pricing out long-term residents. In some cases, developers

even create temporary community gardens or farmers markets or promise more green space

than they eventually deliver, in order to market a neighborhood to buyers looking for green

pleasantness.

________ It makes deindustrialization seem both inevitable and desirable, often by quite

literally replacing industry with more natural-looking landscapes. When these neighborhoods are

finally cleaned up, after years of activism by longtime residents, those advocates often are unable

to stay and enjoy the benefits of their efforts.

A. This phenomenon is often missing from development projects promoted as green or

sustainable.

B. This phenomenon has variously been called environmental, eco-or green gentrification.

C. Greening and environmental cleanup do not automatically or necessarily lead to gentrification.

D. This creates pressure to rezone industrial land for residential towers or profitable commercial

space, in exchange for developer-funded cleanup.

E. But it can drive up real estate prices and displace low- and middle-income residents.

F. Environmental gentrification naturalizes the disappearance of manufacturing and the working

class.

【答案】 E;B;D;F

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇說明文,可持續發展城市需要的不僅僅是公園、咖啡館和河

邊人行道。有許多標準旨在對綠色城市進行排名。但是一個城市的綠色和可持續發展究竟

意味著什么呢?意味著住宅高檔化,生態環境更中產化,用更自然的景觀取代工業的痕跡。

(1)考查對上下文的理解及推理判斷能力。根據空前“ We've written about what we call

the ‘parks, cafes and a riverwalk’model of sustainability, which focuses on providing new

green spaces, mainly for high-income people. ”我們稱之為“公園、咖啡館和河邊漫步'的

可持續發展模式,其重點是為高收入人群提供新的綠色空間,及空后“ Gentrification(住宅

高檔化) has become a catch-all term used to describe neighborhood change, and is often

misunderstood as the only path to neighborhood improvement. ”住宅高檔化'已成為描述

鄰里變化的一個籠統的術語,移居到這些住宅區的人比那些流離失所的居民更富有,可

知,這樣的高檔住宅抬高了房地產價格,并取代中低收入居民,代之的是中產階級??芍?/p>

E項符合題意,故選E。

(2)考查對上下文的理解及推理判斷能力。根據空前recent flood of new research has

focused on the displacement effects of environmental cleanup and green space initiatives.可

知 ,最近大量的新研究集中在環境清理和倡議綠色空間的效應上。由此可知,清理環

境,倡議綠色空間,意味著讓環境,綠化生態有了很大的改善,適合于中產階級(即住宅

高檔化),可知B項符合題意,故選B。

(3)考查對上下文的理解及推理判斷能力。根據空前“ Land for new development and

resources to fund extensive cleanup of poisonous sites are scarce in many cities. ”在許多

城市,用于新開發的土地和用于大規模清理有毒場所的資源都很稀缺;及空后“ In some

cases, developers even create temporary community gardens or farmers markets or

promise more green space than they eventually deliver, in order to market a

neighborhood to buyers looking for green pleasantness. ”開發商不得不創造及承諾更多最

終會有更多的綠化。由此可知,為了讓開發商資助清理這些有毒的場所,這就造成了將工

業用地重新規劃為住宅樓或有利可圖的商業用地的壓力。故選D。

(4)考查對上下文的理解及推理判斷能力。根據空后“ It makes deindustrialization seem

both inevitable and desirable, often by quite literally replacing industry with more natural-

looking landscapes. ”這使得去工業化看起來既不可避免又令人向往,通常是通過用更自

然的景觀代替工業……當這些社區最終被清理干凈時,這些倡導者往往無法留下來享受他們

的努力帶來的好處。,再快速閱讀本段得出大意,F項意義與本小題一致。其中的F項中

的of manufacturing與文中的of manufacturing是同義詞組。

其中的F項中的disappearance of the working class即是文中所說的清理干凈社區,這

些人無法留下來享受他們帶來的好處的工人階級的消失。分析選項可知F項符合題意,故

選F。

【點評】本題要求在理解細節信息的基礎上,著重考查對上下文的理解和推理判斷能力。

3.Read the following passage. Fill in each blank with a proper sentence given in the box. Each

sentence can be used only once. Note that there are two more sentences than you need.

Screen Time: How Much Is Too Much?

Many children spend a lot of time watching or playing with electronic media—from televisions

to video games, computers and other devices. ________ Perhaps parents now should ease up on

their concerns about screen time, at least for older boys and girls.

Until last year, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) suggested that children and

teenagers have no more than two hours of screen time a day. It also suggests that parents

balance a child's screen time with other activities.

________ Christopher Ferguson, who teaches psychology at Stetson University in Florida, notes

a lack of evidence supporting reports that too many hours spent playing video games or watching

TV is truly harmful.

Ferguson seems interested in one idea: the link between video games and violent or risky

behavior. When he saw results from a recent British survey on screen time, he wanted to know

more. The British study found a small negative effect—about a one percent increase—in

aggression and depression among children who had six or more hours of screen time a day.

________ So, Ferguson and his team examined answers from a survey on risky behaviors. The

study involved about 6,000 boys and girls in Florida, whose average age was 16.

Data from this survey found that American children are also fairly resistant to the negative

effects of electronic media. Among those who used screens up to six hours a day, the survey

found: a 0.5 percent increase in criminal behavior; a 1.7 percent increase in signs of depression;

and a 1.2 percent negative effect on school grades. ________ To further argue his point that

screen time is not harmful, Ferguson adds that children should become familiar with screen

technology. Electronic devices, he says, are a part of our everyday lives.

A. Some negative experiences on social media can and do affect some children.

B. However, some experts question claims that too much screen time is harmful.

C. He wanted to see if there was a similar effect among young people in the United States.

D. So, it is natural that parents should wonder about all the time children spend looking at a

screen.

E. The researchers found no increase in risky sex or driving behaviors, use of illegal substances or

eating disorders.

F. The researchers suggested that for those children, technology use might get in the way of

taking part in other important activities.

【答案】 D;B;C;E

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇說明文,許多孩子花很多時間看或玩電子媒體——從電視到

電子游戲、電腦和其他設備。美國兒科學會建議兒童和青少年每天看屏幕的時間不超過兩

個小時。一些專家質疑過多的屏幕時間是有害的,Stetson 大學心理學教授Christopher

Ferguson指出,沒有證據支持長時間玩電子游戲或看電視確實有害的說法。

(1)考查對上下文的理解和推理判斷能力。根據空前“Many children spend a lot of time

watching or playing with electronic media—from televisions to video games, computers and

other devices.”可知許多孩子花很多時間看或玩電子媒體——從電視到電子游戲、電腦和其

他設備。再根據空后“parents now should ease up on their concerns about screen time, at least

for older boys and girls.”提到了父母對孩子長時間看電子產品的看法,可知本空是提出父母

對孩子花在看屏幕上的時間感到好奇是很自然的。故選D。

(2)考查對上下文的理解和推理判斷能力。根據空后“Christopher Ferguson, who teaches

psychology at Stetson University in Florida, notes a lack of evidence supporting reports that too

many hours spent playing video games or watching TV is truly harmful.”Stetson 大學心理學教授

Christopher Ferguson指出,沒有證據支持長時間玩電子游戲或看電視確實有害 的 說法。因

此可推測上文是提出一些專家質疑過多的屏幕時間是有害的,故選B。

(3)考查對上下文的理解和推理判斷能力。根據空前“The British study found a small

negative effect—about a one percent increase—in aggression and depression among children

who had six or more hours of screen time a day.”提到一項英國研究發現,在每天看電視時間

超過6小時的兒童中,攻擊性和抑郁會有一個小的負面影響——大約增加1%。因此他想看

看在美國的年輕人中是否也有類似的影響。故選C。

(4)考查對上下文的理解和推理判斷能力。根據空前“Among those who used screens up to

six hours a day, the survey found: a 0.5 percent increase in criminal behavior; a 1.7 percent

increase in signs of depression; and a 1.2 percent negative effect on school grades. ”調查發現,

在每天使用屏幕長達6小時的人群中,犯罪行為增加了0.5%;抑郁癥的癥狀增加了1.7%;

以及1.2%對學習成績的負面影響。即下文繼續列舉長時間看屏幕對其他犯罪行為的影響,

故E選項:研究人員發現,危險的性行為、駕駛行為、使用非法藥物或飲食失調的情況沒

有增加。符合題意,故選E。

【點評】本題要求在理解細節信息的基礎上,著重考查對上下文的理解和推理判斷能力。

4.任務型閱讀

Help Migrant Workers

There is nothing like going home. More so if it is for the Spring Festival family reunion. For a

migrant worker it perhaps means even more. To be able to set out on a homeward journey with

money from a year's toil in his pocket is the best thing he can think of. ________ They had to

press hard for their defaulted payments, the salaries that were failed to pay up.

About 200 million migrant workers nationwide are something left behind by economic reforms

and opening up due to their contributions in the past three decades. It is almost impossible to

imagine life in these places without them. However, they still form a disadvantaged group. Their

rights are violated in different forms. Among other things, unpaid salaries are the most painful of

such violations that are likely to drive a migrant worker to desperate actions. ________

________They have taken measures to prevent employers from holding back payments to

them. Yet, as the financial crisis bites deep, some small enterprises that are struck the most try to

reduce their economic losses by laying off migrant workers or refusing to pay them. So it is

particularly important for governments at all levels to do an even better job in helping villager-

turned-workers recover their unpaid salaries before the Spring Festival.

It is good news that quite a number of local governments have organized special taskforces to

conduct inspections in those labor-intensive enterprises to make sure they have paid their

migrant workers in a timely and fair manner. Construction commissions in almost all provinces

have published hotlines for farmer-turned-construction workers to lodge complaints against their

employers for withholding their salaries. ________ But we need to look for solutions that will

work at all times. We need to put in place a mechanism that will effectively prevent employers

from holding back salaries to workers.

A. Some have reportedly climbed up chimneys to jump to their death unless they get their

defaulted salaries.

B. It is something every Chinese look forward to as the traditional gala draws near.

C. Unfortunately, weeks preceding the Spring Festival have turned out to be hard times for

migrant workers.

D. Hopefully, these efforts will send more workers on a happy journey home for the Spring

Festival with their salaries in their pockets.

E. However difficult the situations they are in, it is too cruel and unfair for employers to hold back

salaries they should pay their migrant workers.

F. Objectively speaking, governments at various levels have done a great deal in helping these

workers recover their defaulted salaries.

【答案】 C;A;F;D

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇說明文,介紹了幫助移民工人在春節前拿到薪水政府所采取

的一系列的措施。

(1)考查對上下文的理解和推理判斷能力。根據空后“They had to press hard for their

defaulted payments, the salaries that were failed to pay up. ”可知由于沒有拿到薪水,對于回

家過春節的移民工人來說,是很艱難的一段時間。故選C。

(2)考查對上下文的理解和推理判斷能力。根據空前“unpaid salaries are the most painful

of such violations that are likely to drive a migrant worker to desperate actions.”可知下面要介紹

一些討薪時工人做出的絕望行為。故選A。

(3)考查對上下文的理解和推理判斷能力。根據空后“They have taken measures to prevent

employers from holding back payments to them.”可知這里講的是政府正在采取措施幫助移民

工人們拿到薪水。故選F。

(4)考查對上下文的理解和推理判斷能力。根據空格前采取的一系列措施得知,這些都

是幫助移民員工帶著薪水回家過春節的努力。故選D。

【點評】本題要求在理解細節信息的基礎上,著重考查對上下文的理解和推理判斷能力。

5.請認真閱讀下面短文,并根據所讀內容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一個最恰當的單

詞。每個空格只填一個單詞。

A psychotherapist once taught me a little trick that helped me feel less angry at my partner and

less sad about the failings of our relationship.

She said,

somewhat from the adult, and you are likely to understand and forgive him.

It actually helped. I couldn't be as mad at or disappointed by a child as I could be with a grown

man. So, at least on some occasions, we were both spared the heartache of an uncomfortable

silence or a not-so-silent argument. And I sometimes still use versions of that trick whenever I

feel frustrated or angry in other relationships or personal exchanges.

But what if you could mentally change the form of the emotion itself? According to scientists at

the University of Texas, maybe you can.

Focusing specifically on sadness, the researchers asked two groups of study participants to

write about a time in their lives when they felt very sad. They then asked one group to imagine

sadness as a person, and write down a description of the person they imagined would be sadness.

Not surprisingly, the participants described sadness in such ways as an older person with gray hair

and sunken eyes or a young girl holding her head down as she slowly walked along.

The researchers asked the other group of participants to write down a description of sadness

with respect to its impact on their moods. When asked to rate their levels of sadness after

completing their descriptions, the participants who wrote about the emotion itself and how it

affects them reported higher levels of sadness than the group that anthropomorphized (人格

化)sadness into a specific type of person with familiar human characteristics. The researchers

suggest that by giving life to the emotion, participants can view sadness as something (or

someone) separate and somewhat distant from themselves, helping them relieve their negative

feelings.

While it's okay to feel sad, many people behave in unconscious and sometimes self-destructive

ways to distract or

study authors wanted to know whether or not the group that reported feeling less sad would

make smarter shopping decisions.

They tested this by asking participants in both groups to first choose between a salad or a

cheesecake dessert to go with the main dish they were having for lunch. The researchers also

asked participants to choose between a computer loaded with features for productivity or a

computer loaded with features for entertainment. Those study participants who had

anthropomorphized their emotions were more likely to choose the salad and the productive

computer than those who had simply written about their feelings.

For obvious reasons, then, they say this technique is best for reduce negative emotions.

A Little Trick to Help You Feel ________Sad

Passage outlines

The writer's experience

Supporting details

When he was angry with his partner, the writer was able to

improve his mood by ________ his partner as a little boy, which

is sometimes ________to both sides.

This trick can mentally change It is no ________that the study participants tend to

the form of people's emotion

picture sadness as an older person or an unhappy girl.

The participants who describe their emotion as a person

have a ________level of sadness than those who merely

describe their emotion itself.

This trick can When lost in negative emotions, people may lose

Participants who give ________to the emotion prefer salad

while those who don't choose food ________in sugar and

caloric.

________

This little trick can help people reduce negative feelings.

【答案】 71. Less;imagining;beneficial\/helpful;surprise;lower;

affect\/influence\/impact;control;life;rich\/high\/abundant;Conclusion

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇說明文,介紹了緩解悲傷情緒的方法——將悲傷的情緒具體

化,但要將悲傷的情緒與相應的人分割開。同時文章中還介紹了一些實驗,要求實驗對象

將自己悲傷的情緒想象成一個人,并賦予這個“人”以生命,從而達到減輕悲傷情緒的目

的。

(1)考查細節理解。根據第一段中的“a little trick that helped me feel less angry at my

partner and less sad about the failings of our relationship.”心理治療師告訴了作者一個幫助自

________people's consumption ________of themselves and behave in self-destructive ways.

decisions

己對父母不那么生氣以及對關系不那么難過的方法。文章第一段為主旨段,提取關鍵詞

less。在做文章標題時應注意大寫。故填Less。

(2)考查細節理解。根據第二段中的“Look at him and imagine him as a very little boy;”可知

應填imagine,但by為介詞,后接動名詞,故填imagining。

(3)考查推理判斷。根據第三段中的“we were both spared the heartache of an

uncomfortable silence or a not-so-silent argument.” 可知。我們都可以免于一個不舒服沉默帶

來的心痛或不那么沉默帶來的爭論。be spared of固定短語,“幸免于”,即對雙方都有好處

或益處。故填beneficial\/helpful。

(4)考查細節理解。根據第五段中的“Not surprisingly, the participants described sadness in

such ways ”可知,毫無意外的是,參與者用那樣的方式描述了悲傷。Not surprisingly=It is no

surprise that。故填surprise。

(5)考查推理判斷“根據第六段中的”the participants who wrote about the emotion

itself ...reported higher level of sadness than ...“情緒本身的參與者有著更高層次的悲傷,因此

與之相對應的,將悲傷描述成一個人的,悲傷的層次較低。故填lower。

(6)考查推理判斷。根據倒數第二段中的”Those study participants who had

anthropomorphized their emotions were more likely to choose the salad and the productive

computer than those who had simply written about their feelings.“接受了心理治療的參與者更

有可能選擇沙拉作為作為主菜,且會選擇裝有工具性軟件的電腦,說明心理治療會對參與

者造成影響,故填affect\/influence\/impact。

(7)考查細節理解。根據倒數第三段中的”While it's okay to feel sad, many people behave in

unconscious and...“可知。當沉浸在悲傷里時,很多人就會表現的無意識,即失去了對自己

的控制。故填control。

(8)考查推理判斷。根據anthropomorphized一詞,及第六段中的”The researchers suggest

that by giving life to the emotion, participants can view sadness as something (or someone)

separate and somewhat distant from themselves, helping them relieve their negative feelings.“通

過將情緒賦予生命,參與者可以將悲傷從別的事情中分離開來,幫助他們減少負面情緒。

故填life。

(9)考查細節理解。根據倒數第二段中的”choose between a salad or a cheesecake dessert

“可知,這些都是高甜、高熱量的食物,故填rich\/high\/abundant。

(10)考查概括歸納。根據最后一段中的”For obvious reasons, then, they say this technique

is best for reduce negative emotions.“這樣的方式是減低負面情緒最好的方法。最后一段是對

整篇文章的歸納總結,故填Conclusion。

【點評】本題考點涉及細節理解,推理判斷和概括歸納三個題型的考查,是一篇生活類閱

讀,考生需要準確理解細節信息,并根據上下文進行分析,推理,概括和歸納,從而寫出

正確答案。

6.根據短文內容,從短文后的選項中選出能填入空白處的最佳選項。

Top 3 Self-Discipline Techniques

Self-discipline is the key to leading a healthier, happier and more successful life,________. We

have shared some self-discipline techniques below. Follow these self-discipline techniques to

start living a better life.

⑴Start small

The journey of a thousand miles starts with a single step as the proverb goes.________. Instead,

stamina (耐力) is built up by doing a little more than the previous day's target.

The same goes for discipline. Start by trying to carry out self-discipline techniques little by little

every day for big results. Increase your goals over time.

⑵________

Staying self-disciplined requires motivation. It can be hard to stay motivated if you feel like you

haven't made any progress so far. Tracking progress makes you aware of how much you've done

and encourages you to keep going.

⑶Exercise your willpower

________. Some days, sticking to the task is going to be difficult but by reminding yourself of

the end in mind and how much the goal means to you, you will be able to ignore temporary

temptations for long term gain.

The above-mentioned self-discipline techniques have been proven to be extremely effective.

________, and it is the key to living a happy and fulfilling life.

A. Build a support system

B. Measure your goals

C. Willpower and self-discipline go hand in hand

D. Self-discipline is a feature found in many successful people

E. Self-discipline is linked to effective time management

F. However, it is easier said than done

G. You don't train for a marathon by running 10 kilometers on the first day

【答案】 F;G;B;C;D

【解析】【分析】本文介紹三大自律的技巧。

A. Build a support system建立一個支持系統。

B. Measure your goals測評你的目標。

C. Willpower and self-discipline go hand in hand意志力和自律相輔相成。

D. Self-discipline is a feature found in many successful people自律是在很多成功人士身上都能

找到的特征。

E. Self-discipline is linked to effective time management自律和有效的時間管理有聯系。

F. However, it is easier said than done然而說起來容易做起來難。

G. You don't train for a marathon by running 10 kilometers on the first day你不會在第一天跑

10公里來訓練馬拉松。

(1)根據上文提示自律是通向更健康、更快樂、更成功生活的關鍵。下文提示我們在下

面分享一些自律技巧。承接上下文,However, it is easier said than done切題,該項中的

However表示該句與上文構成轉折關系,故選F。

(2)根據上文提示千里之行,始于足下。下文說相反耐力是通過比前一天的目標多做一點

來建立的。承接上下 文You don't train for a marathon by running 10 Kilometers on the first day

切題,下文中的Instead表示前后句是一 種轉折關系,故選G。

(3)本題為標題選擇。本段主要說保持自律需要動機,但是如果你很久沒有取得進步你

就很難保持動力。追蹤系統讓你知道你做了多少,鼓勵你堅持下去。此處的tracking

progress應該指的是對你目標的測評,故選B。

(4)根據本段小標題Exercise your willpower (鍛煉你的意志力) ; 再根據下文提示有時候,

堅持完成任務是很困難的,但是通過提醒自己目標的意義和目標對你的意義,你就可以忽

略暫時的誘惑而獲得長期的利益??芍狢項Willpower and self-discipline go hand in hand.切

題,故選C。

(5)上文提示上述自律技巧已被證明是非常有效的。再根據下文提示這是快樂充實生活

的關鍵。承接上下文D項Self- discipline is a feature found in many succesful people. 切題,故

選D。

【點評】在做七選五時一定要注意and\/but\/so\/besides\/however\/furthermore\/moreover\/in

addition\/what's more等詞匯、固定結構的運用 。它們連接了上下文,起著承上起下的作

用。像but(但是)、however (然而)表示轉折,這說明前后的內容相反或相對 。同時還要注

意選項中代詞的指代和小標題選擇時是對段落的總結。

7.閱讀下文并回答問題。

Confidence (自信) is very important in daily life. It can help you to develop a healthy attitude

(態度). A study shows that the people who are more confident are much happier. They can have

more chance to make themselves successful. When you are not confident you can't do well what

you want to do. But how to be more confident? Here are some suggestions:

Speak loud You speak in a voice so low that other people can hardly hear you. Try to speak

loud enough so that people can hear you clearly. The high voice can help you become more

confident.

Play sports Physical exercise makes you tired but completely relaxed. A strong body helps you

be full of confidence.

Encourage yourself Write down a list of things you did during the day to see how many things

you have done well. Did you finish your homework? Did you tell a joke that made everybody

laugh? Give yourself praise for the good things you've done.

Get rid of (消除) fear Fear comes along with failure (失敗). But it's easy to overcome (克服) if

you know that failure is part of your life. Don't hide your head just because you said something

stupid last time. Try to start again and believe you can do better.

Pick up a hobby If you like singing, sing as much as you can. In some ways, a hobby can make

you outstanding. And it will make you happy and confident.

(1)Is confidence important in daily life?

(2)When you fail, what can you do to get rid of fear?

(3)Which of these suggestions would you like to choose to be more confident? Why?

【答案】 (1)Yes.

(2)I can try to start again and believe I can do better.

(3)選擇一個建議回答即可。說明原由時要有依據。

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇說明文,介紹了幾個如何讓自己更自信的方法。

(1)考查細節理解。根據第一段中的“Confidence (自信) is very important in daily life.”可知

自信在日常生活中很重要,所以本題的答案為Yes。

(2)考查細節理解。根據第三段中的“Try to start again and believe you can do better.”可知

對于消除恐懼,作者給的方法是嘗試重新開始并相信自己可以做得更好。所以本題答案為I

can try to start again and believe I can do better.

(3)考查推理判斷。本題是開放性問題,選擇一個建議回答即可。說明原由時要有依

據。

【點評】本題考點涉及細節理解和推理判斷兩個題型的考查,是一篇教育類閱讀,考生需

要準確捕捉細節信息,并根據上下文進行邏輯推理,從而做出正確答案。

8.閱讀理解

When was the last time you sat on a park bench(凳子)? Did you stay for long? A new kind of

park benches will limit the amount of time you can sit there. If you don't get up in time, it could

be very painful: there are many sharp spikes (釘子) on the part that you sit on!

Visitors who want a rest on the bench need to put a coin in a machine next to it. Once the

money was accepted, the spikes disappear into the bench. Then visitors can sit down comfortably,

but only for half an hour. When the time's up, the spikes slowly start moving up again. It doesn't

hurt at first, but after a minute, they start coming up even more quickly. They aren't long enough

to cause serious hurt, but they do cause pain, as tests have shown. But why have they been

installed (安裝)?

all the thousands of people who visit the park, there aren't enough benches for everyone. We

want to make sure that the benches are shared by more visitors, and to stop people taking a

bench and staying there all day. Installing spikes seems to be the fairest way of stopping people

doing this.

(1)How is the new kind of park bench different from other benches?

(2)What is Paragraph 2 mainly about?

(3)Why are the new benches installed?

(4)The passage says,

this.

【答案】 (1)It can limit the amount of time people sit on it (with sharp spikes). \/ If you don't

get up from it in limited time, it could make you painful.\/ There are many sharp spikes on it to

limit the amount of time people sit on it.

(2)It's mainly about how the new kind of benches work.

(3)They're installed to solve the problem that some people take a bench too long and others

can't share it.

(4)Yes. If people are asked to pay for benches, they will not take it too long when they don't

really need it. Thus, every visitor will have the chance to share it. \/ No. Benches in parks should

be free to visitors. The park can build more benches to solve its problem instead of limiting the

time when visitors have a rest on benches.

【解析】【分析】這是一篇說明文,介紹了一種新型公園長椅,其不同之處在于它上面有

很多尖刺,用來限制人們坐在上面的時間。安裝這種椅子的目的是為了讓更多的人都能分

享到長椅。

(1)考查細節理解。根據第一段中的“If you don’t get up in time, it could be very painful:

there are many sharp spikes on the part that you sit on!”如果你沒有及時起來,那將是非常痛

苦的:你所坐的部位有許多鋒利的刺!可知新型公園長椅與其他長椅的不同之處在于如果你

不能在有限的時間內離開它,它可能會讓你痛苦。故答案為:It can limit the amount of time

people sit on it (with sharp spikes). \/ If you don’t get up from it in limited time, it could make you

painful.\/There are many sharp spikes on it to limit the amount of time people sit on it.。

(2)考查段落大意。根據第二段中的“Visitors who want a rest on the bench need to put a

coin in a machine next to it. Once the money was accepted, the spikes disappear into the bench.

Then visitors can sit down comfortably, but only for half an hour. When the time’s up, the spikes

slowly start moving up again.”想要在長椅上休息的游客需要在旁邊的機器里放一枚硬幣。一

旦這筆錢被接受,釘子就會消失在板凳上。然后游客可以舒服地坐下來,但只能坐半個小

時。當時間到了,尖峰又開始慢慢地向上移動??芍诙沃饕榻B了這種新型長椅是如

何工作的,故答案為It’s mainly about how the new kind of benches work.。

(3)考查細節理解。根據第三段中的“We want to make sure that the benches are shared by

more visitors, and to stop people taking a bench and staying there all day.”我們希望確保更多的

游客可以共享這些長椅,并阻止人們坐在長椅上一整天??芍惭b它們是為了解決有些人

坐了太長時間的板凳,而有些人卻無法分享的問題。故答案為:They’re installed to solve

the problem that some people take a bench too long and others can’t share it.。

(4)本題為開放性題目,言之有理即可。故答案為:Yes. If people are asked to pay for

benches, they will not take it too long when they don’t really need it. Thus, every visitor will have

the chance to share it. \/No. Benches in parks should be free to visitors. The park can build more

benches to solve its problem instead of limiting the time when visitors have a rest on benches.。

【點評】本題考點涉及細節理解,段落大意以及開放題型的考查,是一篇科研類閱讀,要

求考生準確掌握細節信息,根據上下文的邏輯關系,進行推理,概括歸納,從而寫出正確

答案。

9.閱讀短文,并按照題目要求用英語回答問題。

When we were growing up in our grandparents' home, Jack, my grandfather, was always in his

room sitting in the chair and listening to the radio. The voices speaking from the metal box day

and night, taught us that there was a larger world outside. He would roll the black dial (刻度盤)

back and forth until the signal was clear. Then he would listen.

Now he is old and falls ill. When I went to visit him, he said to me,

problem is that we're losing primary contact with each other. No more shaking hands. Everyone is

so busy. We want too much and in the process of getting it we miss so much.

while.

I think of all the voices on the radio he has spent a lifetime listening to. I asked,

become interested in radio?

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