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湖南省邵東縣創新實驗學校2019-2020學年高二英語上學期期中試題

(分值:150分 時量:120分鐘)

第一部分 聽力(共兩節,滿分30分)

第一節(共5小題;每小題1. 5分,滿分7. 5分)

1.

What happened to the woman?

A. She hurt her lap.

stairs.

B . She hurt her leg . C. She fell down from the

2.

Where does the conversation most probably take place?

A. At the booking office. B. In the classroom. C. At the airport.

3.

Where is the woman going this Sunday afternoon?

A. To her friend’s wedding. B. To the museum. C. To the cinema.

4.

How does the woman arrive here?

A. By train. B. On foot. C. By taxi.

5.

What are the two speakers talking about?

A. A wallet B.A watch C. A notebook.

第二節(共15小題;每小題1.5分,滿分22.5分)

聽第6段材料,回答第6至7題。

6.

Where might the woman leave her purse?

A. At school. B. At the Smiths’. C. In the library.

7. What will the woman do later?

A. Phone Mrs Smith. B. Go to the library. C. Visit Mrs Smith.

聽第7段材料,回答第8至10題。

8. What does the woman probably do?

A. A student. B . A waitress. C. A teacher.

9.

Why does the man thank the woman?

A.

She helped him with his problems.

B.

She invited him to drink coffee.

C.

She had three classes for him.

10.

When will the speakers meet again?

A.

Tomorrow. B. Next Monday. C. Next Tuesday

聽第8段材料,回答第11至13題。

11.

What is the probable relationship between the speakers?

A.

Doctor and patient. B. Waiter and customer. C. Friends

12.

What will the woman have for dinner?

A.

Soup,fruit juice, fish and red wine.

B.

Red wine,fish,meat and coffee.

C.

Fruit juice,red wine,meat and coffee.

13.

What will the woman do after dinner?

A. Go home directly. B. Go to see a film. C. Go

to a disco.

聽第9段材料,回答第14至17題。

14.

What does the woman do?

A.

A student. B. A runner. C. An interviewer

15.

What is the man doing now?

A.

Doing some sports.

B.

Finding a job in the company.

C.

Preparing for a sports meeting.

16.

Why doesn't the man do sports now?

A.

Because he has no time.

B.

Because he doesn't like it.

C.

Because he has many courses.

17.

What does the woman need the man to do?

A.

Work for the company all his life.

B.

Manage the company sports team.

C.

Be a member of the company sports team.

聽第10段材料,回答第18至20題。

.

18.

What was the matter with Mrs Jenkins?

A.

Her stomach ached seriously.

B.

There was something wrong with her heart.

C.

She had a high fever.

19.

What does Mrs Jenkins like best?

A. Coffee. B. Wine. C. Potatoes

20.

What can we know about the doctor?

A.

He isn't a qualified(稱職的)doctor.

B.

He is an experienced(有經驗的)doctor.

C.

He never smoked or drunk before.

閱讀理解(共10小題;每小題2. 5分,滿分25分)

A

I can’t remember the first time one of my children told me, “I hate you.” I

can, however, tell you that it still happens occasionally, but it doesn’t bother

me. As their father, I often say things that are unpopular. If they hate me once in

a while, I know I’m doing a good job.

There are three other words that I won’t allow in my house, however. Last week,

I was watching my older son play with a paper airplane. After he accidentally threw

it into a wall and it came apart, his eyes welled up with tears.

“I hate myself,” he said. It wasn’t the first time he’d said it, and I was

concerned that he’d started to actually believe it.

I knelt down next to him and made him look into my eyes. I told him that I never

wanted to hear those words again, and that he needed to respect himself.

The difference between your kid telling you they hate you and them saying they

hate themselves is that, five minutes later, they’ve already forgotten they “hate

you”. Self-hate is much more potentially poisonous and for young people, it can linger

into the rest of their life.

Kids who start to believe they hate themselves sometimes struggle to form new

friendships. As teenagers, they avoid the chance to connect with a potential love

interest, because they assume they’ll be rejected. And as adults, they might choose

not to apply for the dream job because they assume it won’t work out.

I know this is true, because I didn’t have a high opinion of myself as a child.

I found myself struggling in many areas, and I’d hate to see my children suffer the

same fate.

Sometimes, words are just words. But some words can make the kind of impact I’d

very much like to avoid for my children. I don’t fear strong language; I fear language

that makes us weak.

21.How did the author feel on hearing his kids saying “I hate you”?

A.Depressed. B.Annoyed. C.Unconcerned. D.Excited.

22.Why won’t the author allow the three words “I hate myself”?

A.Because the impact of thinking in this way is negative.

B.Because it hurts parents to hear their kids saying so.

C.Because it doesn’t make any sense to blame oneself.

D.Because the impoliteness of saying so is unbearable.

23.Which of the following can replace the underlined word “linger” in paragraph

5?

A.come to an end B.continue to exist

C.begin to change D.become out of date

B

Meeting people from another culture can be difficult. From the beginning,

people may send the wrong signal. Or they may pay no attention to signals from another

person who is trying to develop a relationship.

Different cultures stress the importance of relationship building to a greater

or lesser degree. For example, business in some countries is not possible until there

is a relationship of trust. Even with people at work, it is necessary to spend a

lot of time in “small talk”, usually over a glass of tea, before they do any job.

In many European countries, like the UK or France, people find it easier to build

up a lasting working relationship at restaurants or cafe rather than at the office.

Talk and silence may also be different in some cultures. I once made a speech

in Thailand. I had expected my speech to be a success and start a lively discussion,

instead there was an uncomfortable silence. The people present just stared at me

and smiled. After getting to know their ways better, I realized that they thought

I was talking too much. In my own culture, we express meaning mainly through words,

but people there sometimes feel too many words are unnecessary.

Even within Northern Europe, cultural differences can cause serious problems.

Certainly, English and German cultures share similar values, however, Germans prefer

to get down to business more quickly. We think that they are rude. In fact, this

is just because one culture starts discussions and makes decisions more quickly.

People from different parts of the world have different values, and sometimes

these values are quite against each other. However, if we can understand them better,

a multicultural environment will offer a wonderful chance for us to learn from each

other.

24.The author mentions his experience in Thailand to show that ________.

A.too many words are of no use

B.the English prefer to make long speeches

C.even talk and silence can be culturally different

D.people from Thailand are quiet and shy by nature

25.According to the text, how can people from different cultures understand each

other better?

A.By accepting different habits. B.By recognizing different values.

C.By sharing different ways of life. D.By speaking each other’s languages.

26.What would be the best title for the text?

A.Cross-Cultural Differences B.Multicultural Environment

C.How to Understand Each Other D.How to Build Up a Relationship

C

Nowadays six Amazon Scout delivery robots rolled out in a pilot program in

Snohomish County, Wash. The robots carry meals, groceries and packages to homes and

offices in this region just north of Seattle. They have appeared on the sidewalks

of London, Beijing and other cities and communities worldwide. These machines must

overcome pedestrian legs, naughty dogs and broken pavement, which raises some

questions.

These services are gaining attraction as a growing number of city residents expect

immediate or scheduled delivery for just about everything. Between 2017 and 2018

online retail sales in the U.S. increased by 16 percent. On the final step of all

these deliveries, called the last mile, humans on bicycles, motorized scooters ( 電

動車) or large delivery trucks typically deliver packages. All the vehicles compete

for space on busy urban streets. “Deliveries are trending upwards in all crowded

city centers, and if city and state leaders don’t start thinking about creative

solutions like robot deliveries, we can expect even worse traffic jams,” says Paul

Mackie, director of a transportation policy research center in Arlington.

A study by this center found 73 percent of delivery vehicles in Arlington were

parked outside of authorized areas, often blocking bike lanes and crosswalks. By

moving the last step of deliveries from the road to the sidewalk, cities could reduce

traffic jams and solve the parking problem entirely, Mackie says.

Companies such as Amazon are not developing this delivery technology simply to

clear up urban traffic. Self-driving vehicles and sidewalk robots could cut down

last-mile delivery costs in cities by as much as 40 percent, according to a 2018 report

by a consultancy firm. A delivery robot can cost thousands of dollars to manufacture,

and most currently require human management and conservation. But in the long run

companies that use autonomous delivery vehicles in the next several years could end

up saving billions of dollars, the report stated.

27.Why does Amazon introduce delivery robots ?

A.To amuse its customers.

B.To confirm the company’s innovation spirit.

C.To avoid pedestrians, dogs and broken pavement.

D.To meet the increasing demand of delivering packages.

28.What does Paul Mackie mean by his words in paragraph 2?

A.Retail sales in the U.S. increased fast.

B.Robot can help ease the traffic pressure.

C.Deliveries stay steady in all crowded city centers.

D.Regardless of robot deliveries, traffic jams will remain the same.

29.What can robots delivery bring to the city?

A.Lead to traffic traffic jams.

B.Increase danger to pedestrians.

C.Block bike lanes and crosswalks.

D.Relieve urban traffic as well as save delivery costs.

30.Which word can best describe the future of the robot delivery?

A.Uncertain.

七選五(共5小題;每小題2分,滿分10分)

How to be a good roommate

Roommate horror stories are pretty popular topics of conversation at school.

Follow a few simple tips to ensure you’re not the awful roommate everyone’s talking

about.

Respect each other

First and foremost, you need to respect your roommate.

31. If your roommate is sleeping, keep the noise and light levels down. If your

roommate is studying, don’t have loud conversations in the same room. If in doubt,

ask yourself whether you would be annoyed if your roommate didn’t do the above things

for you.

Keep it clean. 32. Hair in the shower or bathrooms littered with magazines

or dirty clothes. Respect means keeping your side of the room clean. And hopefully,

if your roommate sees you keeping your side clean, they’ll be more likely to keep

theirs clean.

Keep your hands off their stuff. 33. If you really need to borrow something

of theirs, always ask before you do. If they say no, don’t get angry. Some people

just don’t like other people using their stuff.

Set basic rules

You and your roommate should establish some basic rules. For instance, I really

don’t like it when people have phone conversations in the room while I am studying.

B.Hopeless. C.Promising. D.Unacceptable.

34. I’d rather be writing my paper than listening to you tell your best friend

about your weekend. So discuss that with your roommate. Make a compromise, but the

tie should go to the person studying. Another example is to discuss cleaning duties.

Dividing cleaning duties will make your room cleaner and it will help ease roommate

tensions. 35.

A.Be considerate.

B.Talk on the phone.

C.Don’t use your roommate’s items without asking.

D.I’m not good at doing several things at the same time.

E. I have heard many horror stories about dirty roommates.

F. Taking out the trash and tidying the room are just a few things to consider.

G. It is amazing how people don’t understand what it means to be considerate.

完形填空(共20小題;每小題1. 5分,滿分30分)

It's that time again when we’re busy buying, covering, and giving them. Sometimes

we call them 36 sometimes presents. Is there a 37 ?

The words come to us from different38 . Gift has its origin in the Germanic(日

耳曼語的) root for “to give”. 39 , and then, to the

thing being given. In Old English it 40 the dowry(彩禮) given to a bride' s parents.

Present 41 the French for “to present”. A present is the thing presented. They

were both used to express the 42 of something going through a change of 43

without expectation of payment from the 13th century onward.

The words gift and present are well-matched synonyms that mean almost the same

thing. 44______ , even well-matched synonyms have their own unique patterns of

45 . Gift applies to a wide range of situations. Presents are more 46 . If your

whole family gave 47 to your college fund(基金) for your birthday would you say

got a lot of presentsIt doesn’t exactly sound 48 , but since you never hold

these donations in your hand, gifts seems to fit better.

Gift can 49 act like an adjective(形容詞)to describe another noun(名詞). What

do you call the type of 50 where you can 51 presents for people? A gift shop.

Present doesn't work well in this role of 52 other nouns. We have gift boxes and

gift cards, not present boxes and present cards

Still, 53 my personal sense of the 54 present----- though it may not be

as common ---- is more casual sounding than gift. But whether it's gifts or presents

you 55 , I wish you many and lots this year.

36. A. gifts B. awards C. friends D. families

37. A. mistake B. difference C. plan D .promise

38. A. games B. stories C. situations D. languages

39. A.giving B. speaking C. leaving D. listening

40. A.listed B. receive C. meant D. affected

41. A. results in B. mixes with C. applies to D. comes from

42. A. dream B. chance C. advice D. idea

43. A. possession B. attitude C. colors D. decisions

44. A. Therefore B. Moreover C. However D. Otherwise

45. A. behavior B. use C. spelling D. development

46. A.transparent B. concrete C positive D public

47. A. thanks B. attention C. donations D. discounts

48. A. wrong B. easy C. unlucky D. cool

49. A. yet B. also C. just D. thus

50. A. market B. restaurant C .shop D. hotel

51. A. buy B. lend C. open D. hand

52. A. explaining B. correcting C. analyzing D. describing

53. A. because of B according to C. in spite of D. in addition to

54. A. actions B. events C. words D. directions

55. A. order B. offer C. make D. prefer

語法填空(共10小題;每小題1. 5分,滿分15分)

In the small town of Zelenogradsk, Russia, cats are given the respect they

deserve. There's a statue of a cat 56. ( sit) in a park. There's a cat on the

town' s logo(徽標) .And now a person officially been appointed as cat chief,

57. means she’s tasked with caring for the stray(流浪的) cats of the area.

Some 80 applicants 58. (apply) for the new role and Svetlana Logunova

finally landed it. She’s been given a bike and a uniform, 59. (make) up of

a bright green jacket, a bow tie, and a hat, and a budget of 5, 700 roubles (E66)

a month to make sure all the strays are well 60. (feed) and looked after. It's

a big task, 61. (obvious), and Svetlana doesn't think that she’ ll be able

to care for around 70 cats on her own.

“I alone cannot care for every single one and a helping hand would go

62 long way,” she said. People living here will need to be kind to cats,

too, and take them in for medical 63. (treat) and food when they can.

But it's great that there s someone in charge 64. the cats

especially with such a(n) 65 (attract) title.

寫作(共兩節,滿分40分)

第一節 應用文寫作(滿分15分)

假定你是李華,上午去外教Mr. Brown家邀請他觀看武術( martial arts)表演, 但他不在家。

請你用英語給他寫一封電子郵件,內容包括:

1.拜訪他的目的

2.武術表演簡介;

3.詢問他何時有空。

注意:1詞數80左右;

2. 可以適當增加細節,以使行文連貫。

第二節 讀后續寫

閱讀下面短文,根據所給情節進行續寫,使之構成一個完整的故事。

Love makes the world go around and a mother’s love never changes

After 21 years of marriage, my wife wanted me to take another woman out to dinner

and a movie. It’s hard to imagine that the other woman was my mother, who has been

living alone for 19 years, but I am too busy to visit her often. That night I called

to invite her to go out for dinner and a movie.

“What’s wrong? Are you well?” she asked. My mother always doubts that a late

night call is a sign of bad news.

“It would be pleasant to spend some time with you,” I responded.

As I drove over to pick her up, I noticed that she seemed to be nervous about

our date. But she smiled from a face that was as beautiful as an angel’s. “I told

my friends that I was going to go out with my son, and they were impressed,” she

said.

We went to a restaurant that was very nice and comfortable. My mother look my

arm as if she were the First Lady. After we sat down, I had to read the menu. Her

eyes could only read large print. I saw mom sitting there looking at me with a smile

on her lips.

“I used to have to read the menu when you were small,” she said. “Then it’s

time to let me return the favor,” I responded.

During the dinner, we had an agreeable conversation - nothing special but catching

up on recent events. We talked so much that we missed the movie. As we arrived at

her house later, she said, “I’ll go out with you again, but only if you let me invite

you.” I agreed.

注意:

1. 所續寫短文的詞數應為150左右;

2. 應使用5個以上短文中標有下劃線的關鍵詞語;

3. 續寫部分分為兩段每段的開頭語已為你寫好;

4. 續寫完成后,請用下劃線標出你所使用的關鍵詞語。

Paragraph 1:

When I got home, my wife shared her story about her mom who passed away years

ago._________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

Paragraph 2:

Several days later, I received my mother’s invitation.

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

高二英語答案

聽力1-20 BCABA BACAB CCACB ACBCA

閱讀 21-30 CAB CBA DBDC

七選五 31-35 AECDF

完形 36-55 ABDAC DDACB BCABC ADBCD

56. sitting 57. which 58. applied 59. made 60. fed

61. obviously 62. a 63. treatment(s) 64. of 65. attractive

第一節

Dear Mr. Brown

I am writing to invite you to watch a Chinese martial arts show with me. I visited

you this morning with the same purpose but it was a pity that you were out. The shows

will be on every Saturday of next month. You will be able to not only watch an amazing

and thrilling live performance but also learn some movements on the stage if you are

interested. When will you be available? Please let me know so that I can buy tickets

in advance.

I am sincerely hoping that you can accept my invitation. I am looking forward

to your reply.

Yours,

Li Hu

第二節

Paragraph 1:

When I got home, my wife shared her story about her mom who passed away years

ago. She said when she was young, she was very naughty, and her mother often punished

her for her wrong deeds. Later when she grew up she became aware of her mother’s

love. But her mother died of lung cancer and she never had a chance to show her gratitude.

At that moment I realize the importance of saying “love” to our beloved ones in

time.

Paragraph 2:

Several days later, I received my mothers invitation. We went out for a movie.

You can’t imagine how happy we were that day. We discussed the movie, laughed and

even planned the next date. On the way home, I held my mother’s hand and said to

her gently, “Nothing is more valuable than the love of you in the world. Believe

me, your dear son will return the favour. Mom, I love you.” We looked at each other

with tears rolling down.

湖南省邵東縣創新實驗學校2019-2020學年高二英語上學期期中試題

(分值:150分 時量:120分鐘)

第一部分 聽力(共兩節,滿分30分)

第一節(共5小題;每小題1. 5分,滿分7. 5分)

1.

What happened to the woman?

A. She hurt her lap.

stairs.

B . She hurt her leg . C. She fell down from the

2.

Where does the conversation most probably take place?

A. At the booking office. B. In the classroom. C. At the airport.

3.

Where is the woman going this Sunday afternoon?

A. To her friend’s wedding. B. To the museum. C. To the cinema.

4.

How does the woman arrive here?

A. By train. B. On foot. C. By taxi.

5.

What are the two speakers talking about?

A. A wallet B.A watch C. A notebook.

第二節(共15小題;每小題1.5分,滿分22.5分)

聽第6段材料,回答第6至7題。

6.

Where might the woman leave her purse?

A. At school. B. At the Smiths’. C. In the library.

7. What will the woman do later?

A. Phone Mrs Smith. B. Go to the library. C. Visit Mrs Smith.

聽第7段材料,回答第8至10題。

8. What does the woman probably do?

A. A student. B . A waitress. C. A teacher.

9.

Why does the man thank the woman?

A.

She helped him with his problems.

B.

She invited him to drink coffee.

C.

She had three classes for him.

10.

When will the speakers meet again?

A.

Tomorrow. B. Next Monday. C. Next Tuesday

聽第8段材料,回答第11至13題。

11.

What is the probable relationship between the speakers?

A.

Doctor and patient. B. Waiter and customer. C. Friends

12.

What will the woman have for dinner?

A.

Soup,fruit juice, fish and red wine.

B.

Red wine,fish,meat and coffee.

C.

Fruit juice,red wine,meat and coffee.

13.

What will the woman do after dinner?

A. Go home directly. B. Go to see a film. C. Go

to a disco.

聽第9段材料,回答第14至17題。

14.

What does the woman do?

A.

A student. B. A runner. C. An interviewer

15.

What is the man doing now?

A.

Doing some sports.

B.

Finding a job in the company.

C.

Preparing for a sports meeting.

16.

Why doesn't the man do sports now?

A.

Because he has no time.

B.

Because he doesn't like it.

C.

Because he has many courses.

17.

What does the woman need the man to do?

A.

Work for the company all his life.

B.

Manage the company sports team.

C.

Be a member of the company sports team.

聽第10段材料,回答第18至20題。

.

18.

What was the matter with Mrs Jenkins?

A.

Her stomach ached seriously.

B.

There was something wrong with her heart.

C.

She had a high fever.

19.

What does Mrs Jenkins like best?

A. Coffee. B. Wine. C. Potatoes

20.

What can we know about the doctor?

A.

He isn't a qualified(稱職的)doctor.

B.

He is an experienced(有經驗的)doctor.

C.

He never smoked or drunk before.

閱讀理解(共10小題;每小題2. 5分,滿分25分)

A

I can’t remember the first time one of my children told me, “I hate you.” I

can, however, tell you that it still happens occasionally, but it doesn’t bother

me. As their father, I often say things that are unpopular. If they hate me once in

a while, I know I’m doing a good job.

There are three other words that I won’t allow in my house, however. Last week,

I was watching my older son play with a paper airplane. After he accidentally threw

it into a wall and it came apart, his eyes welled up with tears.

“I hate myself,” he said. It wasn’t the first time he’d said it, and I was

concerned that he’d started to actually believe it.

I knelt down next to him and made him look into my eyes. I told him that I never

wanted to hear those words again, and that he needed to respect himself.

The difference between your kid telling you they hate you and them saying they

hate themselves is that, five minutes later, they’ve already forgotten they “hate

you”. Self-hate is much more potentially poisonous and for young people, it can linger

into the rest of their life.

Kids who start to believe they hate themselves sometimes struggle to form new

friendships. As teenagers, they avoid the chance to connect with a potential love

interest, because they assume they’ll be rejected. And as adults, they might choose

not to apply for the dream job because they assume it won’t work out.

I know this is true, because I didn’t have a high opinion of myself as a child.

I found myself struggling in many areas, and I’d hate to see my children suffer the

same fate.

Sometimes, words are just words. But some words can make the kind of impact I’d

very much like to avoid for my children. I don’t fear strong language; I fear language

that makes us weak.

21.How did the author feel on hearing his kids saying “I hate you”?

A.Depressed. B.Annoyed. C.Unconcerned. D.Excited.

22.Why won’t the author allow the three words “I hate myself”?

A.Because the impact of thinking in this way is negative.

B.Because it hurts parents to hear their kids saying so.

C.Because it doesn’t make any sense to blame oneself.

D.Because the impoliteness of saying so is unbearable.

23.Which of the following can replace the underlined word “linger” in paragraph

5?

A.come to an end B.continue to exist

C.begin to change D.become out of date

B

Meeting people from another culture can be difficult. From the beginning,

people may send the wrong signal. Or they may pay no attention to signals from another

person who is trying to develop a relationship.

Different cultures stress the importance of relationship building to a greater

or lesser degree. For example, business in some countries is not possible until there

is a relationship of trust. Even with people at work, it is necessary to spend a

lot of time in “small talk”, usually over a glass of tea, before they do any job.

In many European countries, like the UK or France, people find it easier to build

up a lasting working relationship at restaurants or cafe rather than at the office.

Talk and silence may also be different in some cultures. I once made a speech

in Thailand. I had expected my speech to be a success and start a lively discussion,

instead there was an uncomfortable silence. The people present just stared at me

and smiled. After getting to know their ways better, I realized that they thought

I was talking too much. In my own culture, we express meaning mainly through words,

but people there sometimes feel too many words are unnecessary.

Even within Northern Europe, cultural differences can cause serious problems.

Certainly, English and German cultures share similar values, however, Germans prefer

to get down to business more quickly. We think that they are rude. In fact, this

is just because one culture starts discussions and makes decisions more quickly.

People from different parts of the world have different values, and sometimes

these values are quite against each other. However, if we can understand them better,

a multicultural environment will offer a wonderful chance for us to learn from each

other.

24.The author mentions his experience in Thailand to show that ________.

A.too many words are of no use

B.the English prefer to make long speeches

C.even talk and silence can be culturally different

D.people from Thailand are quiet and shy by nature

25.According to the text, how can people from different cultures understand each

other better?

A.By accepting different habits. B.By recognizing different values.

C.By sharing different ways of life. D.By speaking each other’s languages.

26.What would be the best title for the text?

A.Cross-Cultural Differences B.Multicultural Environment

C.How to Understand Each Other D.How to Build Up a Relationship

C

Nowadays six Amazon Scout delivery robots rolled out in a pilot program in

Snohomish County, Wash. The robots carry meals, groceries and packages to homes and

offices in this region just north of Seattle. They have appeared on the sidewalks

of London, Beijing and other cities and communities worldwide. These machines must

overcome pedestrian legs, naughty dogs and broken pavement, which raises some

questions.

These services are gaining attraction as a growing number of city residents expect

immediate or scheduled delivery for just about everything. Between 2017 and 2018

online retail sales in the U.S. increased by 16 percent. On the final step of all

these deliveries, called the last mile, humans on bicycles, motorized scooters ( 電

動車) or large delivery trucks typically deliver packages. All the vehicles compete

for space on busy urban streets. “Deliveries are trending upwards in all crowded

city centers, and if city and state leaders don’t start thinking about creative

solutions like robot deliveries, we can expect even worse traffic jams,” says Paul

Mackie, director of a transportation policy research center in Arlington.

A study by this center found 73 percent of delivery vehicles in Arlington were

parked outside of authorized areas, often blocking bike lanes and crosswalks. By

moving the last step of deliveries from the road to the sidewalk, cities could reduce

traffic jams and solve the parking problem entirely, Mackie says.

Companies such as Amazon are not developing this delivery technology simply to

clear up urban traffic. Self-driving vehicles and sidewalk robots could cut down

last-mile delivery costs in cities by as much as 40 percent, according to a 2018 report

by a consultancy firm. A delivery robot can cost thousands of dollars to manufacture,

and most currently require human management and conservation. But in the long run

companies that use autonomous delivery vehicles in the next several years could end

up saving billions of dollars, the report stated.

27.Why does Amazon introduce delivery robots ?

A.To amuse its customers.

B.To confirm the company’s innovation spirit.

C.To avoid pedestrians, dogs and broken pavement.

D.To meet the increasing demand of delivering packages.

28.What does Paul Mackie mean by his words in paragraph 2?

A.Retail sales in the U.S. increased fast.

B.Robot can help ease the traffic pressure.

C.Deliveries stay steady in all crowded city centers.

D.Regardless of robot deliveries, traffic jams will remain the same.

29.What can robots delivery bring to the city?

A.Lead to traffic traffic jams.

B.Increase danger to pedestrians.

C.Block bike lanes and crosswalks.

D.Relieve urban traffic as well as save delivery costs.

30.Which word can best describe the future of the robot delivery?

A.Uncertain.

七選五(共5小題;每小題2分,滿分10分)

How to be a good roommate

Roommate horror stories are pretty popular topics of conversation at school.

Follow a few simple tips to ensure you’re not the awful roommate everyone’s talking

about.

Respect each other

First and foremost, you need to respect your roommate.

31. If your roommate is sleeping, keep the noise and light levels down. If your

roommate is studying, don’t have loud conversations in the same room. If in doubt,

ask yourself whether you would be annoyed if your roommate didn’t do the above things

for you.

Keep it clean. 32. Hair in the shower or bathrooms littered with magazines

or dirty clothes. Respect means keeping your side of the room clean. And hopefully,

if your roommate sees you keeping your side clean, they’ll be more likely to keep

theirs clean.

Keep your hands off their stuff. 33. If you really need to borrow something

of theirs, always ask before you do. If they say no, don’t get angry. Some people

just don’t like other people using their stuff.

Set basic rules

You and your roommate should establish some basic rules. For instance, I really

don’t like it when people have phone conversations in the room while I am studying.

B.Hopeless. C.Promising. D.Unacceptable.

34. I’d rather be writing my paper than listening to you tell your best friend

about your weekend. So discuss that with your roommate. Make a compromise, but the

tie should go to the person studying. Another example is to discuss cleaning duties.

Dividing cleaning duties will make your room cleaner and it will help ease roommate

tensions. 35.

A.Be considerate.

B.Talk on the phone.

C.Don’t use your roommate’s items without asking.

D.I’m not good at doing several things at the same time.

E. I have heard many horror stories about dirty roommates.

F. Taking out the trash and tidying the room are just a few things to consider.

G. It is amazing how people don’t understand what it means to be considerate.

完形填空(共20小題;每小題1. 5分,滿分30分)

It's that time again when we’re busy buying, covering, and giving them. Sometimes

we call them 36 sometimes presents. Is there a 37 ?

The words come to us from different38 . Gift has its origin in the Germanic(日

耳曼語的) root for “to give”. 39 , and then, to the

thing being given. In Old English it 40 the dowry(彩禮) given to a bride' s parents.

Present 41 the French for “to present”. A present is the thing presented. They

were both used to express the 42 of something going through a change of 43

without expectation of payment from the 13th century onward.

The words gift and present are well-matched synonyms that mean almost the same

thing. 44______ , even well-matched synonyms have their own unique patterns of

45 . Gift applies to a wide range of situations. Presents are more 46 . If your

whole family gave 47 to your college fund(基金) for your birthday would you say

got a lot of presentsIt doesn’t exactly sound 48 , but since you never hold

these donations in your hand, gifts seems to fit better.

Gift can 49 act like an adjective(形容詞)to describe another noun(名詞). What

do you call the type of 50 where you can 51 presents for people? A gift shop.

Present doesn't work well in this role of 52 other nouns. We have gift boxes and

gift cards, not present boxes and present cards

Still, 53 my personal sense of the 54 present----- though it may not be

as common ---- is more casual sounding than gift. But whether it's gifts or presents

you 55 , I wish you many and lots this year.

36. A. gifts B. awards C. friends D. families

37. A. mistake B. difference C. plan D .promise

38. A. games B. stories C. situations D. languages

39. A.giving B. speaking C. leaving D. listening

40. A.listed B. receive C. meant D. affected

41. A. results in B. mixes with C. applies to D. comes from

42. A. dream B. chance C. advice D. idea

43. A. possession B. attitude C. colors D. decisions

44. A. Therefore B. Moreover C. However D. Otherwise

45. A. behavior B. use C. spelling D. development

46. A.transparent B. concrete C positive D public

47. A. thanks B. attention C. donations D. discounts

48. A. wrong B. easy C. unlucky D. cool

49. A. yet B. also C. just D. thus

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